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Plant Types / Bamboos


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Bamboos

Among the most fascinating of plants, Bamboos are very desirable garden plants. Cold-tolerant and easy to grow, they can make impressive clumps that are ideal as focal points, form an impenetrable hedge or screen or provide a lush and beautiful ground cover. There are 2 main types of bamboos: clumping bamboos and running bamboos. Running bamboos spread much faster than clumping bamboos and sometimes are regarded as invasive. However, keeping the plants under control is easy with some simple routine maintenance.

Bamboos Guides


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Bambusa chungii 'Barbelletta' (Blue Bamboo)

Bambusa chungii 'Barbelletta' (Blue Bamboo) is a medium-sized evergreen bamboo with upright, tidy canes, up to 1.5 in. wide (45 cm), covered with a thin powder-like bloom, which gives them an elegant, soft baby-blue color.

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Bambusa multiplex 'Alphonse Karr' (Bamboo)

A sought after selection, Bambusa multiplex 'Alphonse Karr' (Bamboo) is a medium-sized evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, bright golden-yellow canes, up to 2 in. wide (5 cm), with random green stripes and panel. When exposed to bright sunlight, the golden color of the culms turns orange-red, becoming a deeper golden-yellow with age.

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Bambusa ventricosa (Buddha Belly Bamboo)

A popular species for containers, Bambusa ventricosa (Buddha Belly Bamboo) is a decorative evergreen bamboo noted for the swollen or bulging internodes of its canes resembling the fat belly of the Buddha. Deep dark green, the culms, 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), are smooth and glossy, maturing to yellow-green.

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Bambusa vulgaris 'Vittata' (Painted Bamboo)

One of the most cultivated ornamental bamboos, Bambusa vulgaris 'Vittata' (Painted Bamboo) is a large evergreen bamboo with arching golden-yellow canes, up to 3 in. wide (7 cm), randomly marked with narrow and broad green stripes.

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Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin' (Dwarf Buddha Belly Bamboo)

Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin' (Dwarf Buddha Belly Bamboo) is a small-sized evergreen bamboo with dark shiny green canes, up to 3 in. wide (7 cm), adorned with short and swollen lower internodes resembling the fat belly of the Buddha. The canes hold up thin branches covered in long green leaves, up to 12 in. (30 cm).

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Dendrocalamus giganteus (Giant Bamboo)

The tallest bamboo in the world, Dendrocalamus giganteus (Giant Bamboo) is an impressive evergreen bamboo with huge, upright, incredibly thick, dull green to dark blue-green canes. The culms are extremely robust and thick walled, reaching nearly one foot in diameter (30 cm).

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Fargesia murielae (Umbrella Bamboo)

A long-cultivated species, Fargesia murielae (Umbrella Bamboo) is an elegant, evergreen, clump-forming bamboo with tall and slender, rich yellow-green canes gently arching under the weight of the foliage. Short and narrow, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), the leaves are bright green on the upper surface, gray-green beneath.

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Fargesia nitida (Chinese Fountain Bamboo)

A particularly robust species, Fargesia nitida (Chinese Fountain Bamboo) is an elegant, evergreen, clump-forming bamboo with tall and slender, purple-flushed green canes strongly arching under the weight of the foliage.

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Fargesia robusta 'Campbell' (Bamboo)

A magnificent selection, Fargesia robusta 'Campbell' (Bamboo) is an elegant, evergreen, clump-forming bamboo with tall and slender, rich deep green canes adorned with pale, almost white, semi-persistent culm sheaths, creating a striking bicolor display in the spring through early summer.

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Fargesia rufa (Dragon Head Bamboo)

Fast-growing, Fargesia rufa (Dragon Head Bamboo) is an elegant, evergreen, clump-forming bamboo with short and very slender, glossy bright green canes adorned with conspicuous red sheaths. Fairly upright when young, its canes moderately arch under the weight of the foliage with age.

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Himalayacalamus hookerianus (Blue Bamboo)

Attractive wherever it grows, Himalayacalamus hookerianus (Blue Bamboo) is a graceful and elegant, evergreen clump-forming bamboo with tall and slender, striking blue canes complemented by delicate foliage. Emerald green at first, the culms, up to 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), are covered with a thick glaucous wax coating creating a blue-gray effect.

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Phyllostachys aurea (Fish-Pole Bamboo)

Phyllostachys aurea (Fish-Pole Bamboo) is a strong but graceful evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, bright green canes changing to yellow-green with age and exposure. The smooth culms, 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), feature prominent nodes, that are often crowded and clustered at their base. For this reason, the culms have been used for walking sticks and umbrella handles in China.

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Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. aureocaulis (Yellow Grove Bamboo)

Extremely cold-hardy, Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. aureocaulis (Yellow Grove Bamboo) is an evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, yellow canes, which may occasionally display a thin green stripe or panel. Rich bright yellow at first, the culms, 2 in. wide (5 cm), ripen to deep golden yellow. Strong sunlight will turn the young culms red temporarily, a lovely effect that disappears after the first season.

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Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. spectabilis (Showy Yellow Grove Bamboo)

Extremely cold-hardy, Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. spectabilis (Showy Yellow Grove Bamboo) is an evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, yellow canes adorned with a contrasting green panel in the sulcus. Rich bright yellow at first, the culms, 2 in. wide (5 cm), ripen to deep golden yellow. Strong sunlight will turn the young culms red temporarily, a lovely effect that disappears after the first season.

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Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Holochrysa' (Allgold Bamboo)

A feast for the eye, Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Holochrysa' (Allgold Bamboo) is an evergreen bamboo with tall, upright, deep orange-yellow canes brightening up the dullest corners of the garden. Rich orange-yellow at first, the culms, 2 in. wide (5 cm), eventually turn a warm butterscotch yellow with age.

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