Garden Types / Modern Garden
Modern garden designs are generally characterized by free-flowing spaces, the absence of symmetry and by sharp lines, both vertical and horizontal. They are based on a geometric layout and rely on scale and proportion to add drama in the absence of decorative ornaments. More focus is placed on materials or architecture than on plants. The material palette is kept to a minimum with smooth concrete used for walls or paving and limestone or slate for floors. Large slabs are often favored to create clean, uninterrupted surfaces. Planting tends also to be limited primarily to specimen trees, clipped hedges, lawns, and large blocks of simple plantings with architectural specimens. Reflective pools provide serene surfaces and bring light into the garden.