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7 Methods to Get Rid of Grasshoppers in the Garden

Grasshopper, Grasshoppers, Melanoplus species
Grasshopper, Grasshoppers

The Grasshopper is an herbivorous insect known for its strong hind legs and ability to jump, often found in grassy areas.

Host Plants

Grasshoppers are known to feed on a wide variety of plants, but some are more commonly affected than others. Here are some examples of plants that are often targeted by grasshoppers:

  • Grasses: Grasshoppers are herbivores that feed on grasses, including wheat, corn, and other cereal crops.
  • Legumes: Leguminous plants such as clover and alfalfa are also commonly targeted by grasshoppers.
  • Vegetable crops: Grasshoppers may feed on various vegetable crops, including lettuce, peas, and beans.
  • Flowers: Many types of flowers are attractive to grasshoppers, especially those with tender foliage and petals.
  • Trees and shrubs: Grasshoppers may also feed on the foliage of trees and shrubs, including fruit trees, aspen, and willow.

It’s important to note that grasshopper feeding habits can vary depending on factors such as availability and season. Additionally, different species of grasshoppers may have different preferences for certain plants.

Regions impacted

Grasshoppers are found all over the world in a variety of habitats ranging from deserts to forests to grasslands. In the United States, there are many different species of grasshoppers that can be found in various regions.

Grasshoppers are highly adaptable insects that can thrive in a variety of environments, and their populations can be affected by factors such as weather, habitat, and the availability of food and water. As a result, grasshopper populations may fluctuate from year to year and from region to region.


Grasshoppers are insects that belong to the suborder Caelifera, which is a part of the larger order Orthoptera. They are known for their powerful hind legs, which allow them to jump great distances, and their long, slender bodies, which are typically green, brown, or gray in color. Grasshoppers have large, compound eyes and a pair of short antennae that help them to sense their surroundings.

Grasshoppers are known for their ability to consume large quantities of plant matter, and in agricultural settings, they can cause significant damage to crops. In addition to their feeding habits, grasshoppers are also known for their distinctive songs, which are produced by rubbing their hind legs against their wings.

While grasshoppers are often considered a beneficial part of the ecosystem, their feeding habits can cause significant damage to crops and gardens. It may be necessary to take measures to control grasshopper populations in order to minimize damage and protect plants.

Grasshopper Secrets Unveiled: Surprising Facts You Didn’t Know

Life Cycle

The life cycle of a grasshopper includes three main stages: egg, nymph, and adult.

Egg Stage: Female grasshoppers lay their eggs in the soil in groups, usually in the fall or early spring. The eggs are often protected by a frothy substance that hardens into an egg pod, helping to protect the eggs from predators and harsh weather conditions.

Nymph Stage: When the eggs hatch, the young grasshoppers emerge as nymphs. They look like miniature versions of adult grasshoppers but are incapable of reproduction. The nymphs molt several times as they grow and develop, gradually developing wings, larger bodies, and longer legs. During this stage, the grasshoppers feed on vegetation and grow quickly.

Adult Stage: Once the nymphs have gone through their final molt, they emerge as adult grasshoppers. They have fully developed wings and are capable of reproducing. The length of the adult stage can vary depending on the grasshopper species and environmental conditions.

The life cycle of a grasshopper can take anywhere from a few months to over a year to complete, depending on the species and environmental conditions.

What Attracts Grasshoppers to Your Garden?

Grasshoppers are attracted to gardens and agricultural fields for several reasons, including:

Food: If your garden contains attractive plants to grasshoppers, they may be drawn to the area.

Moisture: Grasshoppers need moisture to survive, and they are often attracted to areas with higher humidity levels. If your garden is located in an area with high humidity or receives regular rainfall, it may be more attractive to grasshoppers.

Weeds: Grasshoppers are attracted to weedy areas as they provide a source of food and shelter. If your garden has a lot of weeds, it may be more attractive to grasshoppers.

Habitat: Grasshoppers prefer open, sunny areas with plenty of vegetation. If your garden provides suitable habitat for grasshoppers, such as tall grass or weedy areas, it may be more attractive to these insects.

Damage and Detection

Here are some signs of grasshopper damage to look for:

Defoliation: Grasshoppers can strip the leaves from plants, causing significant damage and reducing the plant’s ability to produce food through photosynthesis.

Notched leaves: Grasshoppers may eat small notches in the edges of leaves, giving them a distinctive appearance.

Seed damage: Grasshoppers may feed on developing seeds, reducing the yield and quality of crops.

Stunted growth: In severe cases, grasshopper feeding can cause stunted growth and even plant death.

To detect grasshopper damage, it’s important to inspect plants regularly, looking for signs of defoliation, notched leaves, and other signs of feeding. Grasshoppers themselves can be detected by visually inspecting the plants and the soil around them.

Prevention and Control

Here are some ways to prevent and control grasshopper populations:

Cultural practices: One of the most effective ways to prevent grasshoppers is to maintain healthy soil and plants through proper irrigation, fertilization, and weed control. Healthy plants are less attractive to grasshoppers, and can better withstand any feeding damage that does occur.

Physical barriers: Physical barriers, such as nets or screens, can be used to protect vulnerable crops from grasshoppers. Row covers can also be used to protect young plants from grasshopper feeding.

Companion planting: Companion planting involves planting crops that are known to repel or deter grasshoppers. Some examples of plants that are known to repel grasshoppers include forsythia, crape myrtle, passion vine, goldenrod, juniper, or Russian sage.

Biological controls: Biological controls involve introducing natural predators or parasites of grasshoppers to control their populations. Examples of biological controls include ground beetles, predatory flies, birds, parasitic nematodes, and entomopathogenic fungi.

Natural deterrents: Natural deterrents, such as garlic or hot pepper sprays, can be sprayed on plants to make them less attractive to grasshoppers.

Chickens: Grasshoppers can be a valuable food source for chickens. Chickens are known to eat grasshoppers, along with other insects and bugs, as part of their natural diet. In fact, feeding chickens insects can be a healthy way to supplement their diet and provide them with protein and other nutrients.

Chemical controls: Chemical controls, such as insecticides, can be used to control grasshopper populations but should be used with caution and according to label instructions. Always follow all safety instructions when using insecticides, and consider consulting a professional pest control company.

Preventing and controlling grasshopper populations requires a combination of methods, including cultural practices, physical barriers, companion planting, biological controls, chemical controls, and natural deterrents. It’s important to take action as soon as you detect grasshopper damage to prevent their spread and minimize damage to plants and crops.

Plants That Repel Grasshoppers

Allium sativum (Garlic)
Allium cepa (Onion)
Allium schoenoprasum (Chives)
Salvia officinalis (Garden Sage)
Ocimum basilicum (Sweet Basil)
Nepeta cataria (Catnip)
Cymbopogon citratus (Lemon Grass)
Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)
Thymus vulgaris (Common Thyme)
Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender)
Tagetes (Marigold)
Verbena (Vervain)
Solidago (Goldenrod)
Syringa vulgaris (Common Lilac)

It’s important to note that while these plants may help to deter grasshoppers, they may not be 100% effective and should be used in conjunction with other control methods, such as physical barriers, companion planting, and insecticides.

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

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