Alphabetical Plant Listing

Prunus persica (Peach)

Peach trees, Nectarine Trees (Prunus persica)


Beautiful spring flowers, lush foliage through summer, juicy fruits, golden fall color - Peach or nectarine trees (Prunus persica) are a beautiful sight across seasons. Widely popular for their sweet fruits, they require more severe pruning than most other fruit trees, but the extra work pays off in bountiful, juicy, homegrown peaches.

  • Native to China, Peach trees are low, broad trees, 15-25 ft. tall and wide (4-8 m), forming a rounded crown with upwardly-reaching branches clothed in lance-shaped, lustrous dark green leaves. Fast-growing, they are not long-lived and usually have a 10-20-year life span.
  • Appearing in early-mid spring for about 2 weeks, before the new leaves unfold, their showy flowers can be single, semi-double, or double in colors ranging from pure white to deep red. The flowers have a pleasant fragrance. They are susceptible to damage by late spring frosts or particularly cold winters.
  • The luscious 3 in. fruits (7 cm) mature in mid-late summer. A peach tree can yield 50-150 pounds each year. The peaches can be either freestone (the flesh does not adhere to the pit) or clingstone (the flesh adheres to the pit). Nectarine is the same fruit as peach, differing in a single gene that regulates fuzziness. Peaches have a fuzzy coating, whereas nectarines have a smooth skin.
  • The foliage of deciduous leaves provides a deep golden-yellow fall display, adding further charm to the tree.
  • Usually hardy to USDA 5-9, peaches and nectarines need winters cold to satisfy their chill requirements. They need enough hours of temperatures below 45ºF (7ºC) in the winter for their buds to open in the spring. Once these requirements have been satisfied, the arrival of mild weather will bring your peach tree into bloom within several weeks. A subsequent sudden freeze may kill the crop. Therefore, gardeners in cooler areas are safer planting selections that require at least 750 chill hours and bloom later in spring. Gardeners in mild winter areas need to plant low-chill selections that require less than 650 hours of winter chill.
  • Peach and nectarine trees are self-fertile and bear fruit on their own.

Guide Information

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 3A, 3B
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Plant Family Prunus - Fruit Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 25' (4.5m - 7.5m)
Spread 15' - 25' (4.5m - 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance High
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds

By G-Valeriy, Maria Uspenskaya, By Nyura, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 3A, 3B
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Plant Family Prunus - Fruit Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' - 25' (4.5m - 7.5m)
Spread 15' - 25' (4.5m - 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance High
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds
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