Alphabetical Plant Listing

Abies pinsapo (Spanish Fir)

Spanish Fir, Hedgehog Fir, Spanish Silver Spruce


Abies pinsapo (Spanish Fir) is an evergreen conifer of narrow habit in youth, becoming broad pyramidal with age. Usually branched to the ground, it sports beautiful short, sharp-pointed, blue-green needles with broad bands of whitish wax on both sides. They are arranged radially around the stout and very stiff branchlets. The upright seed cones, up to 7 in. long (18 cm), are greenish pink to purple when young maturing to light brown. The dark gray bark is smooth on young trees, becoming longitudinally fissured, rough and scaly with age. A relatively slow grower, its gray bark is thin when young, thickening and becoming brown with age. For centuries, people have mashed its twigs in water, creating soap. Spanish Fir is useful in formal garden designs thanks to its distinctive habit.

  • Grows up to 50-70 ft. high (15-21 m) and 15-30 ft. wide (4-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in rich, slightly acidic, consistently moist, well-drained soils. Best in full sun.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids, adelgids, root rots, needle rust and twig blight.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • Native to Southern Spain.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Abies - Firs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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IgorMarch, joserpizarro, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Abies - Firs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Abies - Firs

Guides with Abies - Firs

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