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Chamaecrista fasciculata (Partridge Pea)

Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant, Golden Cassia, Prairie Senna, Cassia chamaecrista, Cassia fasciculate

Chamaecrista fasciculata, Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant, Golden Cassia, Prairie Senna, Yellow flowers
Chamaecrista fasciculata, Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant, Golden Cassia, Prairie Senna, Yellow flowers
Chamaecrista fasciculata, Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant, Golden Cassia, Prairie Senna, Yellow flowers

Providing bright summer color, Chamaecrista fasciculata (Partridge Pea) is a luminous slender-stemmed annual boasting showy clusters of 2-4 yellow flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), with contrasting red stamens from early summer to early fall. Rich in nectar, the blossoms are attractive to bees and butterflies. They are borne in the upper leaf axils of stems clothed with elegant alternate, pinnate-compound leaves bearing many small, yellow-green leaflets. The leaves usually collapse when touched, hence the common name of sensitive pea. The flowers are followed by narrow seed pods that split open in the fall and expel the seeds some distance from the parent plant. The seeds are eaten by gamebirds and songbirds, and the plant provides excellent cover for gamebirds and browse for deer. Commonly grown as an ornamental, Partridge Pea is a popular choice for use in native gardens and can be used to beautify areas where wildflowers are planted.

  • Grows up to 1-3 ft. tall and wide (30-90 cm). Spreads invasively by self-seeding, particularly in dry open areas. While shorter plants stand erect, taller ones tend to sprawl.
  • Performs best in full sun or light shade in average, dry to medium moisture, well-draining soils. Drought and dry soil tolerant. Partridge pea has low water requirements and will grow and produce seed under stressed conditions.
  • Great for prairies and meadows, naturalized settings, banks and slopes for erosion control or cottage gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for mildew and leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed in mid-spring
  • Native to the eastern, central, and southeastern United States

Requirements

Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Leguminosae
Common names Sensitive Plant, Partridge Pea
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Midwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Northeast, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southeast, Southwest, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Leguminosae
Common names Sensitive Plant, Partridge Pea
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Midwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Northeast, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southeast, Southwest, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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