Alphabetical Plant Listing

Chrysogonum virginianum (Green And Gold)

Green And Gold, Green-and-gold, Gold Star, Golden Knee


Chrysogonum virginianum (Green And Gold) is a low-growing, rhizomatous perennial forming a tight clump of triangular, toothed, deep green leaves to 2 in. long (5 cm). Blooming for months from late spring to fall, star-shaped, bright yellow flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), held in clusters rise barely above the foliage. Resembling a golden star, each blossom features five, rounded, slightly-notched petals and contrasting brown stamens. The flowers are borne atop short, hairy stems originating in the leaf axils. Flowering peaks in spring, comes to a standstill in the heat of the summer (particularly in hot summer climates), becoming sporadic afterwards. Very adaptable, tolerating heat, cold, flood and drought, Chrysogonum virginianum most certainly deserves a place in the wild flower or moist shade garden where it can be used as a ground cover or along a path edge.

  • Grows up to 6-12 in. tall (15-30 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm). Will spread from seeds, stolons, runners and expansion of the clumps to form colonies.
  • Performs best in part shade in average, acidic, moist, well-drained soils. Chrysogonum may be grown in full sun only if soils are constantly moist.
  • Virtually pest and disease free. Keep an eye out for mildew.
  • Easy to grow, this plant is a pretty groundcover for woodland gardens, native plant gardens and naturalized areas.
  • Best propagated by division but can also be increased with softwood cuttings taken in late spring. Seems to benefit from being divided or transplanted at least every other year.
  • Native to woodland areas from Pennsylvania to Florida and Louisiana.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 2 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 2 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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