Alphabetical Plant Listing

Citrus x microcarpa (Calamondin)

Calamondin, Calamondin Orange, Panama Orange, Philippine Lime, Citrus citrofortunella mitis, Citrus madurensis Calamondin, Citrus × microcarpa Philippine lime, Citrus × mitis, Citrus × mitis 'Calmondin', Citrus Calamondin, × Citrofortunella microcarpa, × Citrofortunella mitis, × Citrofortunella mitis 'Calamondin'


Citrus x microcarpa (Calamondin) is a bushy evergreen shrub of upright and columnar habit, prized for its elliptic, glossy rich green leaves and very small, round, orange fruits. The orange flesh is acidic, juicy, and contains a few seeds. The peel is thin and smooth, yellow-orange and easily separable. Calamondin flowers and sets fruit intermittently throughout the year, adding to the shrub's decorative appeal and filling the air with the aroma of citrus blossom. The flowers are self-fertile and require no cross-pollination. The Calamondin fruit takes nearly a year to ripen so it maintains its ornamental value to the landscape longer than most citrus. The fruit lends itself to many culinary uses such as beverages, cakes, pies, preserves, sauces, soups and teas. Calamondin is believed to be a natural hybrid, with kumquat in the parentage. Grown more for its ornamental value than for its fruit edibility, Calamondin performs well as a patio plant or trimmed as a hedge. It is one of the most popular potted citrus.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 6-10 ft. tall (180-300 cm) and 4-5 ft. wide (120-150 cm).
  • A direct sunlight or half shade lover, this plant is easily grown in sandy, neutral or acidic, well-drained soils. Needs water regularly but cannot stand flooding or saturated soils.
  • Hardier to cold than any other true citrus species, Calamondin thrives in warm climates, typically enjoying temperatures between 55-85°F (12-29°C). Grow it indoors in a warm, sunny room and move it outdoors in late spring to a sunny spot protected from wind.
  • Restrictive pruning under glass in winter or early spring.
  • Generally disease free. Keep an eye out for glasshouse red spider mite, glasshouse whitefly, scale insects and mealybugs under glass.
  • Propagate by seed at 16°C in spring; seedlings do not come true to type. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

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Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 11
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs
Plant Family Citrus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 10' (180cm – 3m)
Spread 4' – 5' (120cm – 150cm)
Spacing 48" – 60" (120cm – 150cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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By nnattalli, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 11
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs
Plant Family Citrus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 10' (180cm – 3m)
Spread 4' – 5' (120cm – 150cm)
Spacing 48" – 60" (120cm – 150cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Citrus

Guides with Citrus

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