Alphabetical Plant Listing

Corylus cornuta (Beaked Hazelnut)

Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Filbert


Corylus cornuta (Beaked Hazelnut) is a dense, thicket-forming, deciduous shrub with ascending branches. The foliage of rounded oval, fuzzy, doubly serrate, bright green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm), turns bright yellow in fall. In late winter, long, pendant, pale yellow-gray male catkins dangle like Christmas decorations along the bare branches. They are a welcome sight in the winter garden. The catkins release clouds of pollen that attract bees and other insects. Inconspicuous female flowers, ovoid in shape, and with protruding bright red stigma and styles, are clustered at the ends of short branches. They are followed by edible brown nuts enclosed in leafy, hairy, green husks. The husk is extended, forming a long, tubular beak shape, hence the common name. The nuts ripen in late summer and early fall. They were a food source for Native Americans. Birds and wildlife, including squirrels, deer, grouse, and pheasant feast on them. Beaked hazelnut's rhizomatous habit generally produces thickets that form a continuous understory in the absence of disturbance. This suckering shrub is effective in naturalistic areas, group plantings, shrub borders or woodland margins.

  • Grows up to 4-12 ft. tall and wide (120-360 cm). Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance, and prevent thicket formation.
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade, in organically rich, acidic to neutral, moist to dry, well-drained soils.
  • Good choice for wildlife gardens or prairies and meadows.
  • Prune in late winter or early spring before the leaves begin to appear on the stems.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Native to southern Canada and the United States. It occurs from British Columbia east to Newfoundland and south to California, Colorado, Mississippi, and South Carolina.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4' – 12' (120cm – 3.6m)
Spread 4' – 12' (120cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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123rf, Robert Mutch, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4' – 12' (120cm – 3.6m)
Spread 4' – 12' (120cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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