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Erythronium albidum (White Trout Lily)

White Trout Lily, White Troutlily, White Dog's Tooth Violet, White Fawn Lily, Adder's-Tongue, Blonde Lilian

Erythronium albidum, White Trout Lily, White Troutlily, White Dog's Tooth Violet, White Fawn Lily, Adder's-Tongue, Blonde Lilian, White flowers, shade perennials
Erythronium albidum, White Trout Lily, White Troutlily, White Dog's Tooth Violet, White Fawn Lily, Adder's-Tongue, Blonde Lilian, White flowers, shade perennials

Erythronium albidum (White Trout Lily) is a charming perennial boasting nodding, lily-shaped, white flowers, 1-2 in. long (2-5 cm), one per stem, in early to mid-spring. Each blossom features elegantly reflexed petals and bright yellow anthers. They rise atop a naked scape, well above the basal foliage of elliptic leaves, softly marbled with silver-green. White Trout Lily is a spring ephemeral whose foliage disappears by late spring as the plant goes dormant. Highly ornamental, White Trout Lily makes an attractive ground cover in the shade garden. Lovely in groups under deciduous trees or near ponds and streams where it will happily multiply.

  • Grows up to 6-12 in. tall (15-30 cm) and 3-6 in. wide (7-15 cm). This beauty multiplies quickly by root offshoots and seeds to form large colonies but may take up to 6 years before blooming.
  • Easily grown in humus-rich, acidic, moist, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade.
  • Stunning in shade gardens, rock gardens, underplanting shrubs or roses, cottage gardens, woodland gardens or near ponds and streams. Great as a groundcover too. Because it goes dormant after blooming, interplant with late emerging perennials to fill in the open space (bleeding heart, columbine, and hostas).
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by root division, seeds. Plants propagated from seed will not bloom until their third or fourth year.
  • To be planted in fall, 2-3 in. deep (5-7 cm) and 4-5 in. apart (10-12 cm). Resent transplanting, therefore make sure you find the right home for this plant.
  • Native to Eastern North America

 

Trout Lily (Erythronium): How to Grow and Care with Success


A member of the Lily family, Erythronium (Dog Tooth Violet) are charming bulbous perennials grown for their nodding, lily-shaped flowers adorned with gracefully reflexed petals in spring. Easy to grow, they are lovely in groups under deciduous trees where they will happily multiply. However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Liliaceae
Genus Erythronium
Common names Trout Lily
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid)
Height 6" - 1'
(15cm - 30cm)
Spread 3" - 6"
(8cm - 15cm)
Spacing 4" - 5"
(10cm - 13cm)
Depth 2" - 3"
(5cm - 8cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Nebraska, Missouri, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Full Shade
Attracts Bees
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Ponds And Streams, Underplanting Roses And Shrubs
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage, Gravel and Rock Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Erythronium umbilicatum (Dimpled Trout Lily)
Erythronium oregonum (Oregon Fawn Lily)
Erythronium americanum (Yellow Trout Lily)
Erythronium dens-canis ‘Snowflake’ (Dog’s Tooth Violet)
Erythronium japonicum (Asian Fawn Lily)
Erythronium dens-canis ‘Japonicum’ (Dog’s Tooth Violet)

Recommended Companion Plants

Erythronium americanum (Yellow Trout Lily)
Claytonia virginica (Spring Beauty)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s Breeches)
Phlox divaricata (Woodland Phlox)
Podophyllum peltatum (May Apple)
Geranium maculatum (Spotted Cranesbill)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

30 Great Perennials for Shade
Erythronium (Trout Lily)
Trout Lily (Erythronium): How to Grow and Care with Success
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Liliaceae
Genus Erythronium
Common names Trout Lily
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid)
Height 6" - 1'
(15cm - 30cm)
Spread 3" - 6"
(8cm - 15cm)
Spacing 4" - 5"
(10cm - 13cm)
Depth 2" - 3"
(5cm - 8cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Nebraska, Missouri, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Full Shade
Attracts Bees
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Ponds And Streams, Underplanting Roses And Shrubs
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage, Gravel and Rock Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Erythronium (Trout Lily)
Not sure which Erythronium (Trout Lily) to pick?
Compare Now

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