Alphabetical Plant Listing

Euonymus alatus (Burning Bush)

Burning Bush, Winged Spindle Tree, Winged Euonymus, Winged Burning Bush


Noted for its fluorescent fall foliage and very ornamental berries, Euonymus alatus (Burning Bush) is a large, spreading, deciduous shrub of great popularity. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of tiny, non showy, greenish flowers appear before being replaced by purplish-red fruits that mature during the fall. At this time, each fruit capsule splits open to reveal orange-coated seeds which hang on far into winter. They are attractive to some birds who enjoy them during the winter months. The foliage of elliptic, green leaves turns impressive scarlet red in the fall before shedding to the ground, revealing conspicuous corky wings that project from the twigs. Adding a spectacular splash of color in the fall and providing winter interest, Burning Bush is however considered invasive in some parts of the USA where it will out-compete native plants to form dense thickets. An excellent North American native and lovely substitute is Euonymus atropurpureus (Eastern Wahoo).

  • This dense, twiggy, flat-topped multi-stemmed shrub grows with a graceful vase-shaped habit, up to 15-20 ft. tall and wide (450-600 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. While full shade is tolerated, the best fall display generally occurs in full sun. Tolerates a wide range of soils excluding boggy and wet soils.
  • Generally pest free. Watch for powdery mildews.
  • Attracts birds and wildlife
  • Great as specimen plant, shrub borders or as informal hedge or screen. This plant is particularly striking against a background of evergreens.
  • Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings
  • Native to eastern Russia, Japan, China and Korea
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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joyfuldesigns / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euonymus

Guides with Euonymus

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