Alphabetical Plant Listing

Euonymus planipes (Spindle Tree)

Spindle Tree, Flat-Stalked Spindle Tree, Asian Spindle Tree, Siberian Burning Bush, Euonymus sachalinensis


Noted for its most dramatic foliage and very ornamental berries, Euonymus planipes (Spindle Tree) is a large, deciduous shrub that is invaluable in the fall and winter garden. Its foliage of huge, ovate, mid-green leaves turns to vibrant crimson-to-ruby red in early fall, making the whole plant glow with color. In late spring, a profusion of tiny, insignificant, star-shaped, greenish flowers appear before being replaced by masses of large, lobed, crimson-pink fruits that mature during the fall. Dangling below the red leaves, each fruit capsule splits open to reveal vivid-orange seeds which hang on far into winter. They are attractive to some birds who enjoy them during the winter months. As the giant leaves fall, the darkly striated branches shine in the winter before displaying pointed mahogany-brown buds in spring. Slow growing at first, Euonymus planipes matures into an ornamental tree of vase-shaped habit, rather than a shrub. A statuesque plant, which adds a glorious splash of color in the garden when it is most needed.

  • Grows up to 8-12 ft. tall (240-360 cm) and 10 ft. wide (300 cm). Can be pruned to be a small tree or large shrub.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soils excluding boggy and wet soils.
  • Watch for caterpillars, scale insects, powdery mildews.
  • Attracts birds and wildlife
  • Great as a specimen plant, in shrub borders in city gardens, cottage gardens. This plant is particularly striking against a background of evergreens.
  • Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings
  • Native to China, Japan, Korea, Sakhalin
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 8' – 12' (240cm – 3.6m)
Spread 8' – 10' (240cm – 3m)
Spacing 120" (300cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euonymus

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©Clive Nichols

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 8' – 12' (240cm – 3.6m)
Spread 8' – 10' (240cm – 3m)
Spacing 120" (300cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euonymus

Guides with Euonymus

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