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Eutrochium purpureum (Sweet-Scented Joe-Pye Weed)

Purple Joepyeweed, Sweet-scented Joepyeweed, Sweet Joepyeweed, Gravel Root, Grass Root, Gravel Weed, Hardy Ageratum, Indian Gravel Root, Indian Sage, Indian Sanicle, Joe Pye Weed, Kidney Root, Kidney Wort, Marsh Milkweed, Motherwort, Pride of the Meadow, Purple Boneset, Purple Hemp Agrimony, Queen of the Meadow, Queen of the Prairie, Quill Wort, Sisters of Healing, Skunkweed, Trumpet Weed, Sweet-Scented Joe-Pyeweed, Eupatorium purpureum

AGM Award
Eutrochium purpureum, Sweet-Scented Joe Pye Weed, Purple Joepyeweed, Sweet-scented Joepyeweed, Sweet Joepyeweed,  Eupatorium purpureum
Eutrochium purpureum, Sweet-Scented Joe Pye Weed, Purple Joepyeweed, Sweet-scented Joepyeweed, Sweet Joepyeweed,  Eupatorium purpureum

Noted for its outstanding ornamental qualities, Eutrochium purpureum (Sweet-Scented Joe-Pye Weed) is a spectacular perennial, prized for its huge, domed clusters, 12-18 in. across (30-45 cm), of vanilla-scented, rich pink-purple flowers in mid-summer to early fall. Borne atop erect, green stems with purple nodes, the blossoms are an important source of honey, attracting bees, butterflies and other pollinators. They give way to attractive seed heads that persist well into winter and provide food for the birds. The foliage is also very handsome with its coarsely-serrated, lance-shaped, deep green leaves radiating from the stem to form a whorl of 3-4 leaves. Perfect for the back of a partly shaded border or planted in groups in natural landscapes.

  • Grows up to 5-7 ft. tall (150-210 cm) and 2-4 ft. wide (60-120 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Fertile, moist soils are preferred. Tolerates clay and wet soils, but not dry sites.
  • Combines beautifully in striking color combinations with other perennial plants such as Asters, Rudbeckias or ornamental grasses. Very useful and adaptable in the garden, this is an excellent choice for borders, coastal gardens, cottage gardens, meadows, wild gardens or along ponds and streams.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for powdery mildew or rust. Deer resistant.
  • Cut back at the end of the season.
  • Propagate by seed sown in containers in spring or autumn, or by division in spring. Propagation is also possible by softwood cuttings taken in late spring.
  • Native to central and eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Eupatorium
Common names Joe-Pye Weed, Grass Root, Motherwort
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 5' - 7'
(150cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 4'
(60cm - 120cm)
Spacing 36" - 48"
(90cm - 120cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Rhode Island, Maine, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Illinois, Wisconsin, Kansas, Iowa, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Eupatorium serotinum (Late Boneset)
Eupatorium capillifolium (Dog Fennel)
Eupatorium altissimum (Tall Boneset)
Eutrochium dubium (Coastal Plain Joe Pye Weed)
Eutrochium dubium ‘Baby Joe’ (Coastal Plain Joe Pye Weed)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset)

Recommended Companion Plants

Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia)
Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)
Rudbeckia laciniata ‘Herbstsonne’ (‘Autumn Sun’)
Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’ (Rough Goldenrod)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian Grass)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Eupatorium
Common names Joe-Pye Weed, Grass Root, Motherwort
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 5' - 7'
(150cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 4'
(60cm - 120cm)
Spacing 36" - 48"
(90cm - 120cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Rhode Island, Maine, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Illinois, Wisconsin, Kansas, Iowa, Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Eupatorium (Joe-Pye Weed)
Not sure which Eupatorium (Joe-Pye Weed) to pick?
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