Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aster novae-angliae (New England Asters)

New England Aster, New England American-Aster, Michaelmas Daisy, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae


One of the tallest and most spectacular of the Asters, Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster) is a robust, upright perennial boasting a profusion of showy daisy-like flowers, 1.5 in. wide (4 cm), with rose-purple rays surrounding sunny yellow centers. Blooming for weeks from late summer until frost, the blossoms are borne at the tips of sturdy stems clad with hairy dark green leaves. New England Aster makes a substantial statement in the late season garden. Native to North America, it is easy to grow, long lived, brings cheerful fall color and is a great source of nectar for butterflies. On cloudy days or at night, the flowers droop and close. As soon as the sun shines again, they pursue their glorious display and will do so for weeks.

  • Grows up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 2-3 ft. wide (60-90 cm). Will self-seed if grown in ideal conditions.
  • Thrives in full sun in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Moist, rich soils are preferred. Provide good air circulation to avoid foliage diseases such as powdery mildew.
  • Vital ingredient of late summer and fall borders, cottage gardens, prairies or butterfly gardens. New England Asters are also valued for the excellent quality of their cut flowers.
  • Pinch back stems before midsummer to promote bushiness, produce a greater number of flowers and to control the plant height (to avoid flopping by the plant). Cutting back after flowering will prevent undesired self-seeding.
  • May be affected by powdery mildew. Should be divided every several years to keep the plant growing vigorously.
  • Sow seeds outside in fall or provide cold stratification. Can also be propagated by softwood cuttings taken in late spring or division in the spring.
  • Native to eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Asters
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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By Iva Vagnerova, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Asters
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Asters

Guides with Asters

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