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Ficus carica ‘Ronde de Bordeaux’ (Fig)

Ronde de Bordeaux Fig, Fig 'Ronde de Bordeaux'

Fig, Common Fig, Ronde de Bordeaux Fig, Ficus carica Ronde de Bordeaux

Ficus carica ‘Ronde de Bordeaux’ is a highly rated cultivar of the common fig known for its prolific fruit production. It yields small round figs prized for their rich, sweet flavor.

Ficus carica ‘Ronde de Bordeaux’: An In-depth Look

Native: Ficus carica is native to the Mediterranean region and parts of western and southern Asia.

Plant Type and Habit: This variety is a vigorous, spreading large shrub or small tree.

Size: Ronde de Bordeaux can grow 8-15 feet tall (2.4 to 4.5 m) and 10-12 feet wide (3 to 3.6 m).

Pollination: This Fig Tree is self-pollinating. This means it does not require another tree for cross-pollination to produce fruit, which is beneficial for gardeners with limited space.

Flowers: Fig trees possess a distinctive floral structure. Their flowers are inconspicuous, hidden within what appears to be the fruit (syconium). As the syconium matures, it develops into the fleshy and edible portion commonly recognized as the fig.

Fruits: The fruits are small, round, dark purple to almost black, with a sweet red flesh. They ripen in late summer or early fall.

Foliage: The foliage consists of large, thick, deeply lobed green leaves with a rough, textured surface.

Bark: The bark is smooth and gray, becoming slightly more textured with age.

Uses: Ronde de Bordeaux figs are versatile in culinary uses, excellent for fresh eating, drying, or in jams and desserts. Due to its size and dense foliage, the tree itself can also provide significant shade and is a visually attractive addition to landscapes.

Hardiness: This variety is noted for its cold hardiness and is suitable for USDA zones 6-10. It can withstand colder temperatures better than many other fig varieties but will need protection in USDA zones 6-7.

Wildlife: Birds and other wildlife are attracted to the fruits, although this can sometimes lead to competition for the harvest.

Toxicity: The Fig tree sap contains compounds like furocoumarins and ficin, which can cause skin irritation or dermatitis in some individuals. The fig tree (leaves and sap) can be more problematic for pets, particularly dogs and cats. Ingestion can lead to gastrointestinal and dermal irritation.

Deer and Rabbit: Fig trees can be susceptible to damage from deer and rabbits, especially when young. Protective measures may be necessary in areas with high wildlife activity.

Invasiveness: Find where Ficus carica species is invasive in the United States. Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

Growing and Caring for Common Fig

Light: Common Fig thrives in full sun. Ensure it receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sun daily for optimal growth and fruit production. While it can tolerate some partial shade, too much shade can reduce fruit yield and overall health of the plant.

Soil: Prefers rich, well-draining soil. It tolerates various soil types but performs best in soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH.

Site: Site in a protected location (against a warm wall or fence) with annual root mulch. Fig trees are flexible enough to be easily espaliered against walls. Smaller fig trees may also be grown in a pot and temporarily brought indoors.

Watering: Regular watering is crucial, especially during fruit development. Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings to avoid overwatering.

Fertilizing: Apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer in early spring. Figs don’t require heavy feeding; over-fertilization can reduce fruit yield.

Pruning: Remove 1/4 to 1/3 of older branches in early spring. Pruning also encourages new growth and increases fruit production.

Harvesting: Typically occurs when the fruit softens and droops slightly on the branch, indicating ripeness. The skin may change color, and a slight crack in the fruit often appears. Figs should be picked gently to avoid bruising. Harvest season varies but generally falls in late summer or early autumn, depending on the climate and variety.

Propagation: Commonly propagated by cuttings. Take hardwood cuttings in late winter and root them in moist soil.

Pests and Diseases: Watch for pests like aphids, scale insects, root-knot nematodes, spider mites, and mealybugs. Honey fungus, leaf spot, and rust occasionally occur. Maintain good air circulation and hygiene to prevent fungal diseases. Regular inspections help in early detection and treatment. Fruit drops can be messy.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruits, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Genus Ficus
Common names Fig
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 8' - 15'
(240cm - 4.6m)
Spread 10' - 12'
(3m - 3.7m)
Spacing 144" (3.7m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Ficus benjamina ‘Anastasia’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus benjamina ‘Danielle’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus benjamina ‘Samantha’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus elastica ‘Abidjan’ (Rubber Tree)
Ficus elastica ‘Tineke’ (Rubber Tree)
Ficus elastica ‘Belize’ (Rubber Tree)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Ficus Tree: Varieties and Indoor Growing Guide
Ficus carica (Common Fig)
Native Plant Alternatives to Ficus carica (Fig)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruits, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Genus Ficus
Common names Fig
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 8' - 15'
(240cm - 4.6m)
Spread 10' - 12'
(3m - 3.7m)
Spacing 144" (3.7m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Ficus (Fig)
Not sure which Ficus (Fig) to pick?
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