Create Your Garden

Ficus carica ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ (Fig)

Violette de Bordeaux Fig, Negronne Fig, Fig 'Violette de Bordeaux', Fig 'Negronne'

Fig, Common Fig, Violette de Bordeaux Fig, Negronne Fig, Ficus carica Violette de Bordeaux, Ficus carica Negronne

Ficus carica ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ is a prized cultivar for both its exceptional fruit quality and its suitability for small-space gardening. Its combination of delectable fruits, aesthetic appeal, and self-fertile nature makes it a favorite among fig enthusiasts and home gardeners alike.

Ficus carica ‘Violette de Bordeaux’: An In-depth Look

Native: Ficus carica is native to the Mediterranean region, as well as parts of western and southern Asia.

Plant Type and Habit: This variety is a deciduous, small to medium-sized tree or shrub. It has a naturally compact, bushy growth habit, making it suitable for small gardens or container growing. In colder climates, it’s often grown as a potted plant that can be moved indoors during winter.

Size: The ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ is relatively small for a fig tree, typically growing around 6-10 feet tall (180-300 cm) and 4-8 feet wide (120-240 cm). This compact size is beneficial for growing in limited spaces or containers.

Pollination: This Fig Tree is self-pollinating. This means it does not require another tree for cross-pollination to produce fruit, which is beneficial for gardeners with limited space.

Flowers: Fig trees possess a distinctive floral structure. Their flowers are inconspicuous, hidden within what appears to be the fruit (syconium). As the syconium matures, it develops into the fleshy and edible portion commonly recognized as the fig.

Fruits: The fruits are small to medium-sized with a dark purple to black skin and a pink to red flesh. They are known for their rich, sweet flavor, often described as a combination of berry and honey. The fruits are typically harvested in late summer to early fall.

Foliage: The foliage consists of large, thick, deeply lobed green leaves with a rough, textured surface.

Bark: The bark is smooth and gray, becoming slightly more textured with age.

Uses: ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ figs are highly versatile in culinary use. They can be enjoyed fresh, dried, or used in various recipes such as jams, desserts, and salads. Additionally, due to its compact growth and attractive foliage, this variety is also valued as an ornamental plant in gardens and patios.

Hardiness: This variety is noted for its cold hardiness and is suitable for USDA zones 6-10. It can withstand colder temperatures better than many other fig varieties but will need protection in USDA zones 6-7.

Wildlife: Birds and other wildlife are attracted to the fruits, although this can sometimes lead to competition for the harvest.

Toxicity: The Fig tree sap contains compounds like furocoumarins and ficin, which can cause skin irritation or dermatitis in some individuals. The fig tree (leaves and sap) can be more problematic for pets, particularly dogs and cats. Ingestion can lead to gastrointestinal and dermal irritation.

Deer and Rabbit: Fig trees can be susceptible to damage from deer and rabbits, especially when young. Protective measures may be necessary in areas with high wildlife activity.

Invasiveness: Find where Ficus carica species is invasive in the United States. Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

Growing and Caring for Common Fig

Light: Common Fig thrives in full sun. Ensure it receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sun daily for optimal growth and fruit production. While it can tolerate some partial shade, too much shade can reduce fruit yield and overall health of the plant.

Soil: Prefers rich, well-draining soil. It tolerates various soil types but performs best in soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH.

Site: Site in a protected location (against a warm wall or fence) with annual root mulch. Fig trees are flexible enough to be easily espaliered against walls. Smaller fig trees may also be grown in a pot and temporarily brought indoors.

Watering: Regular watering is crucial, especially during fruit development. Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings to avoid overwatering.

Fertilizing: Apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer in early spring. Figs don’t require heavy feeding; over-fertilization can reduce fruit yield.

Pruning: Remove 1/4 to 1/3 of older branches in early spring. Pruning also encourages new growth and increases fruit production.

Harvesting: Typically occurs when the fruit softens and droops slightly on the branch, indicating ripeness. The skin may change color, and a slight crack in the fruit often appears. Figs should be picked gently to avoid bruising. Harvest season varies but generally falls in late summer or early autumn, depending on the climate and variety.

Propagation: Commonly propagated by cuttings. Take hardwood cuttings in late winter and root them in moist soil.

Pests and Diseases: Watch for pests like aphids, scale insects, root-knot nematodes, spider mites, and mealybugs. Honey fungus, leaf spot, and rust occasionally occur. Maintain good air circulation and hygiene to prevent fungal diseases. Regular inspections help in early detection and treatment. Fruit drops can be messy.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruits, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Genus Ficus
Common names Fig
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' - 10'
(180cm - 3m)
Spread 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Spacing 48" - 96"
(120cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Ficus (Fig)
Not sure which Ficus (Fig) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Ficus benjamina ‘Anastasia’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus benjamina ‘Danielle’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus benjamina ‘Samantha’ (Weeping Fig)
Ficus elastica ‘Abidjan’ (Rubber Tree)
Ficus elastica ‘Tineke’ (Rubber Tree)
Ficus elastica ‘Belize’ (Rubber Tree)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Ficus Tree: Varieties and Indoor Growing Guide
Ficus carica (Common Fig)
Native Plant Alternatives to Ficus carica (Fig)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruits, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Moraceae
Genus Ficus
Common names Fig
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' - 10'
(180cm - 3m)
Spread 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Spacing 48" - 96"
(120cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Ficus (Fig)
Not sure which Ficus (Fig) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Ficus carica ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ (Fig) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Ficus carica ‘Violette de Bordeaux’ (Fig) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone