Alphabetical Plant Listing

Olea europaea (Common Olive)

Common Olive, Cultivated Olive, Edible Olive, European Olive, Lady's Oil, Olive Oil Plant, Sweet Oil Plant


A mainstay of Mediterranean gardens, Olea europaea (Common Olive) is a slow-growing, evergreen tree prized for its picturesque habit, gnarled trunk, silvery foliage and spreading crown. The gray-green leaves, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), are silvery beneath and beautiful through the seasons. Very small, white, fragrant flowers appear in axillary racemes in summer. The fruit is a drupe, the well-known olive, that comes in many sizes and shapes. Olives need good summer heat to make their best fruit. Long-lived and extremely resilient, common olive trees can be grown as informal trees or formally clipped standards. They make ravishing hedging and are tough enough to withstand neglect in containers.

  • Grows up to 20-30 ft. tall and wide (6-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in fertile, sharply-drained soils. Common olive trees are drought tolerant once established.
  • A charming addition to coastal gardens, city gardens, gravel gardens, Mediterranean gardens or containers.
  • If you want to harvest fruit from your olive tree, it is best to grow 2 different varieties as cross-pollination increases yields significantly.
  • Disease free. Keep an eye out for scale insect.
  • Propagate by seed in spring at a temperature of 13-15°C (55-59°F). Can also be propagated by semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
  • Native to the Mediterranean region.

Buy Olea europaea (Common Olive)

Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 8 – 10
Climate Zones 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Drought
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden

Buy Plants


By steveball, Kevin Wells Photography/ Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 8 – 10
Climate Zones 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Drought
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden

Plant Calculator

How many Olea europaea (Common Olive) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Olea europaea (Common Olive)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.