Alphabetical Plant Listing

Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' (White Spruce)

White Spruce 'Echiniformis', Echiniformis White Spruce, Alberta Spruce 'Echiniformis', Dwarf Alberta Spruce, Dwarf White Spruce


Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' (White Spruce) is a dwarf, cushion-shaped, evergreen conifer with perfectly uniform branching. Its tiny branches are densely covered with very short, slender, silvery-green needles. A slow grower, 1 in. per year (2 cm), this Dwarf White Spruce makes a glorious accent in the rock garden. Great for small gardens.

  • Winner of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 18 in. tall and wide (45 cm) after 10 years.
  • Performs best in full sun in slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates light shade. Generally prefers cool climates and will struggle in hot and humid climate areas. Provide good air circulation.
  • Perfect as a distinctive specimen plant in the sunny border, cottage gardens, rock gardens or containers.
  • Watch for adelgids, aphids or conifer red spider mite. Easy to grow and easy to care for.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagate by seed sown in containers in a cold frame in spring or grafting in winter.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 20" (50cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 20" (50cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces

Guides with Picea - Spruces

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