Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus resinosa (Red Pine)

Red Pine, Canadian Red Pine, Norway Pine


Pinus resinosa (Red Pine) is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree of conical habit with a straight trunk, spreading and ascending branches, and a narrowly rounded crown. The straight to slightly twisted, yellow-green to dark green needles, up to 6 in. long (15 cm), are presented in bundles of two and quite brittle, breaking cleanly when bent. The ovoid seed cones, 2.5 in. long (6 cm), are light red-brown. They mature and open 2 years after pollination. The bark is light cinnamon-brown bark is furrowed and cross-checked into irregular rectangular, scaly plates. Long lived (200-400 years), Red Pine is the State Tree of Minnesota.

  • Grows up to 50-80 ft. tall (15-24 m) and 20-25 ft. wide (6-8 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in medium moisture, in well-drained soils. Drought tolerant.
  • Keep an eye our for needle cast, needle blight, bark canker, root rots and rusts. Deer resistant.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagation: seeds germinate very easily, no dormancy period required.
  • Native from Newfoundland to Manitoba south to Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania and New York.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 5
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 80' (15m – 24m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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 Brian Lasenby, Damla Akdere, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 5
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 80' (15m – 24m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Pinus - Pines

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