Alphabetical Plant Listing

Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak)

Shumard Oak, Shumard's Oak, Shumard Red Oak, Southern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Spotted Oak


Relatively fast-growing and adaptable, Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak) is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming upright-spreading and open with age. The foliage of deeply-cut, lustrous, dark green leaves adorned with 7-9 lobes, turns brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze in the fall. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the new leaves unfurl. The acorns, if produced, have a broadly rounded apex and a flat base. The thick, smooth, gray bark becomes furrowed and darker gray over time. Prized for its spectacular fall color, drought resistance, and ability to withstand short-term flooding, Shumard Oak makes a handsome shade tree.

  • Grows up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 30-40 ft. wide (9-12 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in dry to medium moisture, acidic, well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions including wet soils. Drought tolerant.
  • Oaks may be affected by oak wilt, chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew.
  • Propagate by seed or by grafting in mid-autumn or late winter.
  • Native to southern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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 By Jose Luis Vega, MaryAnne Campbell, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Quercus - Oaks

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