Alphabetical Plant Listing

Ratibida columnifera (Mexican Hat Plant)

Upright Prairie Coneflower, Mexican Hat, Mexican Hat Plant, Prairie Coneflower, Prairieconeflower, Redspike Mexican Hat, Column Flower, Obelisk Flower, Rudbeckia columnaris, Rudbeckia columnifera


Ratibida columnifera (Mexican Hat Plant) is an upright, clump-forming perennial boasting profuse, golden yellow or vibrant rust red daisies with 3-7 drooping rays surrounding a long and prominent central disk - resembling a sombrero with a drooping brim. Blooming beautifully from late spring to fall, the blossoms open on slender stems with bright green, feathery and deeply cleft leaves. Attracting butterflies, they often bloom by the thousands and provide weeks of eye-catching color. Their attractive seedheads further extend the season of interest and will be visited in the fall and winter by birds that feed on the seeds.

  • Grows up to 1-3 ft. tall (30-90 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm). This plant self-sows abundantly.
  • Performs best in full sun in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Mexican Hat is a fast growing wildflower that is not fussy about soils and is easy to grow from seed. Tolerates drought, light shade and poor soils.
  • Easy to grow, pest and disease free, low care.
  • Great for sunny borders, prairies or meadows, cottage gardens. Best massed!
  • Native to North America

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Richard A McMillin, Steve Shoup, Shuterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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