Alphabetical Plant Listing

Foeniculum vulgare 'Rubrum' (Bronze Fennel)

Bronze Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare 'Rubrum', Fennel, Red Fennel


Often mistaken for dill, Foeniculum vulgare 'Rubrum' is an upright, branching perennial herb with feathery, finely divided, aromatic, bronze leaves and large, flat umbels of tiny golden yellow flowers, born on tall hollow stems. Blooming in mid to late summer, the flowers are very attractive to butterflies and give way to aromatic, gray-brown seeds.

As an ornamental plant, Foeniculum vulgare is a stunning perennial, providing height and graceful airiness to the border. Anise-scented, all parts of this aromatic plant (foliage, seeds) also have a long history of cultivation for culinary purposes. Fennel seeds are baked into breads, biscuits or Italian sausages. Stems can be grilled with fish, meats and vegetables, and leaves can be added to salads or used as a garnish.

  • Grows vigorously up to 2-3ft. high (60-900 cm) and spreads 1-2 ft. (30-60 cm). While some seeding is helpful to replace older plants, this plant self-sows prolifically. Remove spent flowering stems before seed is produced to avoid any undesired self-seeding. 
  • Prefers rich, moist but well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant
  • Attracts butterflies, birds and beneficial insects, but is deer resistant.
  • Easy to grow, Foeniculum vulgare is a welcomed addition to beds, borders, city gardens, coastal gardens, butterfly gardens and cottage gardens. It is a popular plant for Mediterranean gardens and ideally suited to herb and vegetable gardens.
  • May be grown from seed that is sown directly in the garden in spring. Flowering starts about 90 days from spring seeding.
  • Generally disease resistant. Watch for aphids
  • Native to the Mediterranean, Foeniculum vulgare has escaped gardens and naturalized in many parts of North America.
  • Contact with plant juices and exposure to sun can cause skin irritation.

Buy Foeniculum vulgare 'Rubrum' (Bronze Fennel)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 6 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 6 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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Foeniculum vulgare 'Rubrum' (Bronze Fennel)

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