Alphabetical Plant Listing

Vernonia baldwinii (Western Ironweed)

Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed


Vernonia baldwinii (Western Ironweed) is a tall perennial boasting flattened clusters of tiny, fluffy, vivid purple disks in mid summer to late fall. Each glorious flower head may consist of up to 15-35 disk florets and the inflorescence may be as wide as 12 in. (30 cm). Attractive to bees, butterflies, and skippers, the blossoms are borne atop stout, upright, hairy stems clad with long, lance-shaped, deep green leaves, 7 in. long (17 cm), slightly serrated along the margins. The blossoms give way to fluffy, rusty seed clusters that are dispersed by the wind. Western Ironweed occurs in dry prairies, hill prairies, glades, openings in upland forests, thinly wooded rocky slopes, pastures or abandoned fields of central North America. The root system produces rhizomes, which travel in all directions and form colonies. Western Ironweed is probably best suited for a naturalistic garden or natural area. Attractive when in bloom, Western Ironweed is one of the best attractors of late summer butterflies.

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils.
  • Excellent choice for back of borders, cottage gardens, wildflower gardens, prairies and meadows.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Deadhead regularly to prolong flowering and avoid unwanted self-seeding.
  • Cut back stems in late spring to reduce plant height if desired.
  • Propagate by seed (few seeds are fertile), by root division and softwood tip cuttings.
  • Native to central and southern United States.

Not sure which Vernonia - Ironweeds to pick?
Compare All Vernonia - Ironweeds

Buy Vernonia baldwinii (Western Ironweed)

Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Vernonia - Ironweeds
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Colorado, Southeast, Arkansas, Louisiana, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Vernonia - Ironweeds

Guides with Vernonia - Ironweeds


By Malachi Jacobs, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Vernonia - Ironweeds
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Colorado, Southeast, Arkansas, Louisiana, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Vernonia - Ironweeds

Guides with Vernonia - Ironweeds

Plant Calculator

How many Vernonia baldwinii (Western Ironweed) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Vernonia baldwinii (Western Ironweed)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.