Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola sempervirens (Evergreen Violet)

Evergreen Violet, Viola sarmentosa


Native to the West Coast of the United States and Canada, Viola sempervirens (Evergreen Violet) is a low-growing, trailing, evergreen perennial with small, leathery, broadly heart-shaped, deep green leaves. A profusion of eye-catching, small, outward-facing, bright lemon-yellow flowers appear in early spring to early summer. The lateral petals display small beards and the three lower petals feature charming burgundy streaks. Flowering peaks in spring and continues almost year-round near the coast. The exquisitely beautiful blossoms rise on short reddish stalks just above the foliage. This perennial wildflower spreads by creeping stems, rooting as they grow, and prefers shade and moisture. One of the most common wildflowers within the dim redwood forest, it forms mats of thick leaves that persist throughout the winter. Often regarded as an early sign of spring, it is a wonderful addition to the shade garden or for planting between stepping stones.

  • Growing up to 2-6 in. tall (5-15 cm), this Violet will spread by creeping stems and may self-seed.
  • A part shade to full shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in cottage gardens, woodland gardens or as a ground cover.
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, violet gall midge, powdery mildews and pansy leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed or rooted stems.
  • Native to Alaska, California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2" – 6" (5cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Robert Mutch, Shutterstock, Brewbooks, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2" – 6" (5cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Viola - Violets

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