Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola bicolor (Field Pansy)

Field Pansy, Wild Pansy, American Field Pansy, Johnny Jump Up, Johnny Jump-Up, Johnny Jump-up Violet, Viola kitaibeliana, Viola kitaibeliana var. rafinesquei, Viola rafinesquei


Native to North America, Viola bicolor (Field Pansy) is a low-growing annual boasting small, deep violet to pale lavender flowers in early to mid spring. Each blossom features 5 dark veined petals, with the lateral petals bearded and the lower one displays a yellow patch at its base. The petals are usually pale blue, however they can also be white with a subtle blue tint. This viola is noted for the length of its sepals, which are shorter than the petals. Other varieties of viola have sepals that are longer than the petals. This is also the only annual in the Violet species that produces self-pollinating flowers (cleistogamous). The flowers are solitary, rising on long naked stalks. Although considered weedy, Field Pansy attracts wildlife and is an early spring nectar source for bees, and caterpillars of fritillary butterflies will feed on the foliage. The seeds are eaten in limited amounts by the Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite, Wild Turkey, Mourning Dove, and some songbirds. Colony-forming, Field Pansy is well-suited to prairies and meadows, banks or wild gardens where it can spreads by self-seeding and creeping roots.

  • Growing up to 2-6 in. tall (5-15 cm), this Violet will spread by self-seeding and creeping roots.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, it is best grown in average, moist, well-drained soils. Prefers full sun in moist sandy soil.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used on banks and slopes, cottage gardens, rock gardens, woodland gardens.
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, violet gall midge, powdery mildews and pansy leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to North America.

Not sure which Viola - Violets to pick?
Compare All Viola - Violets

Buy Viola bicolor (Field Pansy)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 2" – 6" (5cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, Northeast, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Guides with Viola - Violets


By Sari ONeal, shutterstock, Sonia Hill, Judy Gallagher, Fritz Flohr Reynolds, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 2" – 6" (5cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, Northeast, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Viola - Violets

Plant Calculator

How many Viola bicolor (Field Pansy) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Viola bicolor (Field Pansy)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.