Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola rotundifolia (Round-Leaved Violet)

Eastern Round-Leaved Violet, Roundleaf Yellow Violet, Round-leaved Yellow Violet, Early Yellow Violet, Roundleaf Violet


Native to North America, Viola rotundifolia (Round-Leaved Violet) is a stemless, low-growing perennial forming a basal rosette of oval-rounded, finely toothed leaves that arise directly from an elongated rhizome. The leaves continue to grow in size, and become very round and large as the season progresses. Eye-catching, small, deep lemon-yellow flowers, veined with brownish purple on their three lower petals appear in mid to late spring. The exquisitely beautiful blossoms are carried on leafless stalks well above the foliage. Native to rich woods from southern Canada and northeastern U.S. south in the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia, this perennial wildflower self seeds readily to form colonies. Often regarded as an early sign of spring, it is a wonderful addition to the shade garden.

  • Growing up to 3-6 in. tall (7-15 cm) and 6-10 in. wide (15-25 cm), this Violet will self-seed to the point of becoming weedy.
  • A full shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, medium to wet, well-drained soils.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in cottage gardens, woodland gardens, wildflower gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to North America from southern Canada and northeastern U.S. south in the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spread 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spacing 8" – 10" (20cm – 25cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Doug McGrady, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spread 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spacing 8" – 10" (20cm – 25cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Viola - Violets

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