Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola pedatifida (Prairie Violet)

Prairie Violet, Purple Prairie Violet, Larkspur Violet, Crow-foot Violet, Coastal Violet, Viola palmata var. pedatifida


Native to North America, Viola pedatifida (Prairie Violet) is a low-growing perennial forming a basal rosette of pinnately-divided, medium green leaves reminiscent of a bird’s foot or resembling those of larkspurs (Delphinium). Blooming in mid spring to early summer, attractive, deep blue-violet flowers, about 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), with conspicuous white throats are on display. Their lateral petals are bearded and the lower petal is lined with dark purple lines that are nectar guides for insects. A second bloom may occur in fall. The blossoms hang atop leafless stalks barely taller than the foliage. Viola pedatifida is a larval host plant for several varieties of fritillary butterflies. Small self-pollinating flowers (cleistogamous) are produced and form a seed capsule, usually close to the ground. In most violets the cleistogamous flowers produce the abundance of seed. Easy, hardy and adaptable, Prairie Violet grows naturally in prairies, and other mesic areas from a thick rhizome. It is well-suited to border fronts, rock gardens, cottage gardens or prairies.

  • Growing up to 4-8 in. tall (10-20 cm), this Violet will spread by self-seeding and creeping rhizomes without being aggressive.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils. Will tolerate some dryness. It prefers full sun in the northern part of its growing range, but welcomes part shade in the hot southern part of its growing range.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in beds and borders, underplanting shrubs and roses, cottage gardens, rock gardens and prairies and meadow.
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, violet gall midge, powdery mildews and pansy leaf spot. Deer resistant.
  • Deadhead to prolong flowering.
  • Propagate by stratified seed planted in fall. Seeds need 60 days of cold stratification.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spread 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spacing 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Arkansas, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Cvandyke, shutterstock, Andrey Zharkikh, Patrick Alexander, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spread 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spacing 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Arkansas, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Viola - Violets

Guides with Viola - Violets

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