Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola cucullata (Marsh Blue Violet)

Marsh Blue Violet, Blue Marsh Violet, Thin Leaf Wood Violet, Viola cucullata var. microtitis, Viola obliqua


Native to North America, Viola cucullata (Marsh Blue Violet) is a stemless, low-growing perennial forming a neat basal rosette of kidney-shaped, toothed, mid-green leaves, 2 in. long (5 cm). Attractive, flat-faced, blue-violet flowers, about 1 in. across (2.5 cm), with conspicuous white throats appear in mid spring to early summer. Their lateral petals display small club-shaped beards. Their lower spurred petal is beardless, but adorned with radiating purple veins. The flowers are long-stalked and rise above the foliage. Their floral nectar attracts bees and bumblebees. The caterpillars of several Fritillary butterflies feed on the foliage primarily in open areas. The seeds are occasionally eaten by birds, including the Ruffed Grouse, Wild Turkey, and Mourning Dove. This perennial wildflower prefers moist to wet soils in prairies, fields, streams and pond edges. It is well-suited to woodland, banks, along ponds and streams or wild gardens where it spreads by self-seeding and creeping rhizomes. The young leaves are rich in vitamin A and C and can be used in salads. 

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Growing up to 4-6 in. tall (10-15 cm), this Violet will spread by self-seeding and creeping rhizomes.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, it is best grown in average, moist to wet, well-drained soils. Marsh Blue Violet can thrive in both sun or shade as long as the site is moist.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used on banks and slopes, underplanting shrubs and roses, cottage gardens, prairies and meadows, woodland gardens or as a ground cover.
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, violet gall midge, powdery mildews and pansy leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to North America, from Minnesota south to Arkansas and Mississippi, east to all New England and south to Georgia. It is also known from Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Labrador, and Newfoundland.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 7 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Ponds and Streams, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Gerry Bishop, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 7 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Ponds and Streams, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Viola - Violets

Guides with Viola - Violets

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