Alphabetical Plant Listing

Tulip Types

Single Early Tulips, Single Late Tulips, Double Early Tulips, Double Late Tulips, Lily-Flowering Tulips, Viridiflora Tulips, Kaufmanniana Tulips, Greigii Tulips, Darwin Hybrid Tulips, Triumph Tulips, Parrot Tulips, Fringed Tulips

A symbol of spring, tulips are the most popular bulbs and most gardeners reserve them a spot in the garden or containers. There are currently over 3,000 registered varieties, which are divided into fifteen groups, mostly based on the flower type, size, and blooming period of the tulip.

Single Tulips

  • The 'Single' denomination comes from their unique cup-shaped six-petal flower.
  • Single tulips can be early spring bloomers and are denoted as ''Single Early" with an average size of about 10 to 18 inches (25 - 45 cm).
  • Late spring bloomers, "Single Late", are comparatively bigger with a height averaging 18 and 30 inches (45 - 75 cm).

Single Early Tulips

Tulip 'Christmas Dream'

Tulip Purple Prince,Tulipa Purple Prince,Tulipe Purple Prince,Single Early Tulips, Purple Tulips, Tulipes Simples Hatives

Tulip 'Purple Prince'

Tulip 'Apricot Beauty'

Single Late Tulips

Tulip Queen of Night,Tulipa Queen of Night,Tulipe Queen of Night,Single Late Tulips, Tulips Simples Tardives

Tulip 'Queen of Night'

Tulip 'Blushing Beauty'

Tulip 'Pink Diamond'

Double Tulips

  • Also called 'peony' tulips because of their shapes, their elegant flowers can be as wide as 10 inches (25cm).
  • Sensitive to rain or wind, they will do well in a sheltered spot.
  • Their average size is between 12 - 16 in. (30-40 cm). Similar to the Single tulips, the Double Tulips have Early and Late bloomers.

Double Early Tulips

Tulip 'Monsella'

Tulip 'Foxtrot'

Tulip Mondial,Tulipa Mondial,Tulipe Mondial,Double Early Tulips, White Tulips, Tulipes Hatives Doubles

Tulip 'Mondial'

Double Late Tulips

Tulip 'Annelinde'

Tulip 'Orange Princess'

Tulip 'Double Sugar'

Fosteriana Tulips

Fosteriana Tulips feature solitary, bowl-shaped flowers, 5 in. wide (12 cm), with a slender shape and large, sometimes striped, leaves. Reds are strongly represented in this assortment. The most famous of its cultivars is 'Madame Lefeber', better known as 'Red Emperor'. Naturalizing is possible with these tulips. Flowering in early to mid-spring, they will be among the first ones to bring color to your garden and grow up to 10-20 in. tall (25-50 cm). As an added bonus, some of the Fosteriana Tulips are fragrant.

Tulip 'Exotic Emperor'

Tulip 'Orange Emperor'

Tulip 'Flaming Purissima'

Kaufmanniana Tulips

These tulips are noted for their brightly contrasting colors. The flowers open wide during the sunny hours of the day providing an entirely different color effect than when closed. The flower shape also changes dramatically; when open they resemble a shining star. Blooming in superb combinations of red, rose and golden yellow in early to mid-spring, these showy prima donnas are low growers at 6-12 inches tall (15-30 cm) and are ideal in rock gardens or containers.

Tulip 'Ancilla'

Tulip 'Verdi'

Tulip 'Heart's Delight'

Greigii Tulips

Greigii tulips produce single bowl-shaped flowers in early to mid-spring. The principal colors are red, yellow, and white. Combined with their stunning spotted and striped leaves, these flower colors create an unforgettable visual impact. These qualities make Greigii tulips unsurpassed for use in borders, rock gardens, and in pots. Very reliable perennials, these tulips are low growing (8 - 12 inches, 20 - 30 cm).

Tulip 'Calypso'

Tulip 'Pinocchio'

Tulip 'Winnipeg'

Darwin Hybrid Tulips

These tulips were developed in the Netherlands: Mr. D.W. Lefeber, the prominent Dutch breeder, was the one who watched over the early beginnings of this type. He crossed the famous Tulipa fosteriana 'Madame Lefeber' (also known as 'Red Emperor') with various cultivars from the group of tulips then known as the Darwin tulips. The result of this cross-breeding was a series of tulips that excelled due to their flower size and sturdy, long stems. Due to these qualities, these tulips have made a name for themselves as cut flowers, and are cultivated extensively for this purpose. Their egg-shaped, single blooms, up to 3 in. wide (8 cm), are available in a wide range of colors including orange, red, yellow, and pink varieties as well as varieties with differently colored speckles and stripes on their petals. Among the best for naturalizing, these tulips provide blooms up to 5 years and rise to 20-28 in. tall (50-70 cm) in mid-late spring.

Tulip 'Acropolis'

Tulip 'Daydream'

Tulip 'Ad Rem'

Triumph Tulips

Triumph Tulips are by far the largest group of tulips, including many cultivars. Growing only 10-16 inches tall (25-45 cm) on sturdy stems, they withstand April's showers and offer a vibrant display of colors in the garden in mid to late spring. Flowers are single and cup-shaped and bloom in an endless assortment of colors. Triumph tulips are among the best tulips for forcing.

Tulip 'Gavota'

Tulip Shirley,Tulipa Shirley,Tulipe Shirley, Triumph Tulips, Purple Tulip, Tulipes Triomphe

Tulip 'Shirley'

Tulip 'Attila'

Fringed Tulips

More and more people are becoming interested in Fringed Tulips - so these tulips now have their group. It must be remembered, however, that because the tulips in this group are mutants from various other groups, their heights and flowering periods will vary somewhat among them.  The one characteristic they have in common though is their finely incised petals. Flowering in mid or late spring, they rise to 14-30 in. (35-75 cm) and bring elegance to the garden.

Tulip 'Bell Song'

Tulip 'Davenport'

Tulip 'Cummins'

Lily-Flowered Tulips

What makes Lily-Flowered Tulips different from other tulip varieties are their slender flowers with often pointed, recurving petals. The flower stems are thin and not very sturdy, making them susceptible to wind damage. Most bloom in late spring, and a few in mid-spring. Some make good cut flowers, others are fragrant. But all are incredibly beautiful and should be considered in your seasonal plantings. They typically grow up to 16-24 in. tall (40-60 cm).

Tulip 'Ballade'

Tulip 'Mariette'

Tulip 'Fly Away'

Parrot Tulips

These whimsically-shaped, unusually-colored tulips have been developed from mutations of certain late-flowering tulips, and tulips in the Triumph group. The petals of these tulips are serrated or 'fringed'. As the large flowers are exposed to the sun over time, they open so wide that they almost flatten out. The flowers are green as buds, and as they grow it may seem as if the tulips will remain entirely green forever. But as the flower matures and opens, resembling a parrot's plumage, the brilliant colors are revealed. Blooming in late spring, Parrots Tulips grow up to 14-26 inches tall (35-65 cm)

Tulip 'Bright Parrot'

Tulip 'Black Parrot'

Tulip 'Estella Rijnveld'

Viridiflora Tulips

At this time, Viridiflora Tulips form the least significant of the tulip groups. Many gardeners looking for unusual plants, however, quickly find what they want in this group. What makes these tulips so fascinating is that their petal color includes green, in stripes or flames on the back of the petals. Their overall bloom shape is cupped, to about 3 inches across (7 cm). Blooming in late spring, these spectacular tulips enjoy long-lasting blooms (3 weeks!) and look ravishing in a vase! Typically they reach 16-20 in. (40-50 cm).

Tulip 'Artist'

Tulip 'Florosa'

Tulip 'Doll's Minuet'

Botanical Tulips

Botanical tulips have a natural look. They stay nice and close to the ground, and they seem to be in flower as soon as they emerge from the soil. Their bright colors make them real eye-catchers in early spring. The striped leaves of many varieties make these even more appealing. And another important thing: these ‘wild’ tulips won’t be bothered by wind and weather.

Tulip clusiana 'Cynthia'

Tulip saxatilis 'Lilac Wonder'

Tulip humilis 'Alba coreulea oculata'

Learn How To Plant And Care for Your Spring Flower Bulbs

 To achieve optimum flowering results, it is important to plant the bulbs at the right time.

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Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Plant Type Bulbs
Plant Family Tulipa - Tulips
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 6" - 3' (15cm - 90cm)
Spread 4" (10cm)
Spacing 4" (10cm)
Depth 7" (17cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Plant Type Bulbs
Plant Family Tulipa - Tulips
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 6" - 3' (15cm - 90cm)
Spread 4" (10cm)
Spacing 4" (10cm)
Depth 7" (17cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage
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