Alphabetical Plant Listing

Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian Serviceberry)

Canadian Serviceberry, Canadian Service-berry, Serviceberry, Juneberry, Grape Pear, Shadblow, Shadbush, Junebush, Amelanchier botryapium, Amelanchier intermedia, Amelanchier oblongifolia


Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian Serviceberry) is a dense, upright, multi-stemmed large shrub or small tree with a delicate, dome-shaped crown. In mid spring, attractive erect sprays of small, slightly fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers emerge just before the leaves. Attractive to pollinators, they are followed by small, edible, blue-black berries in early summer. The berries are used in jams, jellies and pies and are appreciated by both birds and humans. The foliage of mid-green, finely toothed, oval leaves, turns to brilliant shades of yellow, orange and red in the fall. The plant remains attractive even after the leaves drop, thanks to its elegant growth habit and its light gray bark adorned with charcoal-gray striations. A terrific plant with four seasons of interest, to use around ponds, lakes, and streams, or in boggy or marshy ground.

  • Grows up to 25-30 ft. tall (7-9 m) and 15-20 ft. wide (4-6 m)
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in moist, well-drained, acidic soils. Best berry production and fall color occur in full sun. Tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils.
  • Low maintenance, this plant is also generally pest and disease free but keep an eye out for fire blight.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant, hedges and screens, or for banks and slopes. Can be used for erosion control. Great in naturalized or native plant gardens or along stream banks and ponds.
  • Propagate by seed and semi-hardwood cuttings or remove suckers in winter.
  • Native to eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Amelanchier - Serviceberries
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spacing 180" – 240" (450cm – 600cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Mircea Costina, Maknad, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Amelanchier - Serviceberries
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spacing 180" – 240" (450cm – 600cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Amelanchier - Serviceberries

Guides with Amelanchier - Serviceberries

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