Alphabetical Plant Listing

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet Strawberry)

Scarlet Strawberry, Wild Strawberry


Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet Strawberry) is a low-growing, spreading perennial forming rosettes of tri-foliate, coarsely-toothed, bright green leaves. In late spring to early summer, it bears a profusion of small, 5-petaled white flowers adorned with yellow centers for 3-4 weeks. They are followed by a crop of tiny, bright red berries, 0.5 in. (1 cm), rich of a sweet tart flavor. Small seeds are scattered across the surface of these fruits in sunken pits. Scarlet Strawberry is a cool-season plant that grows actively during the spring and fall, but it often becomes dormant after setting fruit during the hot summer months. This plant is easy to cultivate, and it will spread to form a loose ground cover in open areas. The foliage is more resistant to foliar disease than most cultivated strawberries.

  • Grows up to 4-7 in. tall (10-17 cm) and 12-24 in. wide (30-60 cm). This plant spreads by runners to form large colonies over time.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is best grown in fertile, moist, well-drained soils. Prefers organically rich, sandy loams.
  • Great as a ground cover or as a border plant. Excellent on slopes (erosion control) or woodland gardens.
  • Strawberries are susceptible to some issues including anthracnose, leaf spots, rots, wilts, powdery mildew and blights. Insect visitors include spider mites and aphids. Leaf scorch may occur in hot summer climates.
  • Propagation: remove and transplant runners.
  • Native to North America

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Plant Type Fruit
Plant Family Fragaria - Strawberries
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 7" (10cm – 17cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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By Mircea Costina, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Plant Type Fruit
Plant Family Fragaria - Strawberries
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 4" – 7" (10cm – 17cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Fragaria - Strawberries

Guides with Fragaria - Strawberries

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