Alphabetical Plant Listing

Geranium carolinianum (Carolina Geranium)

Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill, Hardy Geraniums


Geranium carolinianum (Carolina Geranium) is a much-branched, sprawling annual or biennial forming a mound of palmately five-parted leaves, 3 in. long (7 cm), having 3-9 primary lobes or additional secondary lobes. Blooming for about 4 weeks in early spring to midsummer, small, five-petaled, pale pink or white blossoms, less than 1 in. (2.5 cm), occur in loose terminal clusters. The blossoms are visited by flies and native bees. The flowers give way to seeds with a long narrow beak, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), that are eaten by the Mourning Dove and other birds. The foliage can turn red in the fall, extending the season of interest of this plant. Carolina Geranium spreads rapidly from seed and may reseed itself aggressively. Use it as a groundcover in naturalized areas for best results.

  • Grows up to 12-18 in. tall (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade, in dry gravelly, sandy to clay, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established. 
  • Great for naturalized areas, cottage gardens, prairies and meadows or woodland gardens.
  • Easy to grow, it requires very little maintenance and is pest and disease free.
  • Propagate by seed. Seed does not require pretreatment.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Geranium - Cranesbills
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Geranium - Cranesbills
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Geranium - Cranesbills

Guides with Geranium - Cranesbills

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