Alphabetical Plant Listing

Iris brevicaulis (Zigzag Iris)

Zigzag Iris, Iris brevipes, Iris foliosa, Iris foliosa var. boonensis, Iris mississippiensis


Considered quite hardy, Iris brevicaulis (Zigzag Iris) is a low-growing perennial with zig-zag stems bearing long, lax and arching, glossy bright green leaves, 10-20 in. long (25-50 cm). In early to mid spring, blue-purple to pale blue-violet flowers bloom among the leaves. They are often hidden, as the stems are shorter than the leaves. Each flower features widely spreading and arching sepals with a yellow patch toward their base. Smaller than the sepals, the petals are spreading perpendicularly to slightly ascending. Commonly found growing in swamps and wet meadows of central North America, this small rhizomatous perennial performs well in regular garden soil too. Zigzag Iris is an excellent plant for partially shaded rock gardens, perennial borders or woodland gardens. Great to use along ponds and streams.

  • Grows up to 10-12 in. tall and wide (25-30 cm). Will spreads by rhizomes to form colonies.
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in medium to wet, humus-rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soils.
  • A welcomed addition to beds and borders, cottage gardens, rock gardens or along ponds and streams.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by clump division division or by seed.
  • Native to central North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Iris - Other
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Guides with Iris - Other


By William Cushman, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Iris - Other
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Iris - Other

Guides with Iris - Other

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