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Lachnanthes caroliana (Carolina Redroot)

Carolina Redroot, Paint Root, Gyrotheca tinctoria, Gyrotheca tinctorium, Lachnanthes caroliniana, Lachnanthes tinctoria, Lachnanthes tinctorium

Lachnanthes caroliana, Carolina Redroot, Paint Root, Lachnanthes caroliniana, Lachnanthes tinctoria, Florida Native Flowers, Florida Native Plant
Lachnanthes caroliana, Carolina Redroot, Paint Root, Lachnanthes caroliniana, Lachnanthes tinctoria, Florida Native Flowers, Florida Native Plant

Noted for its showy flowers and interesting foliage, Lachnanthes caroliana (Carolina Redroot) is an erect perennial boasting fan-like clusters, 2-4 in. wide (5-10 cm), packed with small, woolly looking, creamy-yellow flowers in summer. Borne atop tall, pubescent stalks, the conspicuous flowers are attractive to butterflies and moths. They give way to globular capsules bearing flat seeds that are devoured by Sandhill Cranes and other birds. The erect leaves are flat, swordlike and gradually tapering. Visible for most of the growing season, they give the plant an iris-like appearance before it flowers. Native to eastern North America, Carolina Redroot is found mostly in coastal areas from Louisiana east to Florida and Cuba and north to Nova Scotia, where it occurs naturally in wet flatwoods, marshes, bogs, dome swamps, savannas and coastal swales. The common name, Carolina Redroot, refers to the reddish rhizomes and roots, which were used by Native Americans for dye. Fast-growing, Carolina Redroot is a great choice for the acid-rich bog garden and useful in wet gardens with irises and other wetland wildflowers.

  • Grows up to 1-3 ft. tall (30-90 cm) and 12 in. wide (30 cm). Will form colonies by underground rhizomes.
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in wet to consistently moist, acidic soils.
  • Low maintenance, this perennial plant is generally pest and disease free. Toxic to livestock.
  • Perfect for bog gardens, butterfly gardens, along ponds and streams or as a groundcover. Excellent for coastal prairie gardens with native grasses.
  • Propagate by seeds or root division.
  • Native to eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Haemodoraceae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 10" - 1'
(25cm - 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs High
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Florida, Georgia
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Bog Gardens, Ground Covers, Ponds And Streams
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage
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Recommended Companion Plants

Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)
Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)
Morella cerifera (Southern Wax Myrtle)
Andropogon virginicus (Broom Sedge)
Serenoa repens (Saw Palmetto)
Lyonia lucida (Fetter Bush)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Haemodoraceae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 10" - 1'
(25cm - 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs High
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Florida, Georgia
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Bog Gardens, Ground Covers, Ponds And Streams
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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