Alphabetical Plant Listing

Ludisia discolor (Jewel Orchid)

Jewel Orchid, Variegated Ludisia, Twisted Flower Orchid, Rock Silk Worn, Rock Lotus Root, Anoectochilus dawsonianus, Anoectochilus ordeanus, Anoectochilus ordianus, Gonogona discolor, Goodyera dawsoniana, Goodyera discolor, Goodyera ordeana, Goodyera ordiana, Goodyera rodigasciana, Goodyera rubrovenia, Haemaria dawsoniana, Haemaria discolor, Haemaria discolor var. concolor, Haemaria discolor var. condorensis, Haemaria discolor var. dawsoniana, Haemaria discolor var. denisoniana, Haemaria discolor var. grandis, Haemaria discolor var. ordeana, Haemaria discolor var. rhodoneura, Haemaria discolor var. trilineata, Haemaria otletae, Haemaria pauciflora, Haemaria rubrovenia, Kuhlhasseltia carrii, Ludisia dawsoniana, Ludisia discolor var. ordiana, Ludisia furetii, Ludisia odorata, Ludisia otletae, Myoda rufescens, Neottia discolor, Orchiodes discolor


Ludisia discolor (Jewel Orchid) is a small sized, terrestrial or lithophytic orchid species known more for its beautiful foliage than its flowers. Its creeping rhizome produces bronze to olive-black to deep red velvet-like leaves, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), with attractive red or gold venation. In spring, small white flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), adorned with yellow anthers are borne on 6-12 in. flower spikes (15-30 cm). They bloom for 2-3 weeks. The beautiful leaves and many several-flowered inflorescences can be a memorable sight. Native to China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Ludisia discolor is a hot to warm growing orchid species found in damp places in shade forest at elevations of 1650-3300 ft. (500-1000 m). Easy to grow, it thrives on standard houseplant care, much like African violets. Ludisia discolor is the only species of the genus.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 4-18 in. tall and wide (10-45 cm).
  • Easily grown in houseplant compost or a mixture of medium to coarse bark with a small amount of sphagnum moss.
  • Prefers medium light with no direct sun. Provide strong air circulation year round.
  • Needs an average night temperature of 70-72°F (21-22°C) and daytime temperature of 80°F (27°C) in summer.
  • Needs an average night temperature of 48-53°F (9-12°C) and daytime temperature of 59-64°F (15-18°C) in winter.
  • Maintain adequate humidity (85-90%) for most of the year by setting the plant in a tray of damp pebbles.
  • Provide even moisture throughout the year. Water your plant thoroughly, then allow it to dry slightly before watering again. Never let your orchid sit in a water-logged pot.
  • As for most orchids, feed with a balanced fertilizer, diluted to 50%, every 2 weeks.
  • Propagation: plant the fleshy stems that break off in sphagnum moss until roots form - approximately 6 weeks, cuttings can then be potted up into houseplant compost after about 6 months.
  • Once the flowers have faded, remove the spent flower spikes.
  • Generally disease free. Keep an eye out for aphids, glasshouse red spider mite, mealybugs, root rot (excess moisture).
  • Native from northern India, through southeast Asia, north to southwestern China and south through Malaysia up to Indonesia.

Buy Ludisia discolor (Jewel Orchid)

Requirements

Hardiness 11 – 12
Plant Type Orchids
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 4" – 2' (10cm – 60cm)
Spread 4" – 2' (10cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Garden Uses Patio and Containers

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Winlyrung, Carmen Hauser, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 11 – 12
Plant Type Orchids
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 4" – 2' (10cm – 60cm)
Spread 4" – 2' (10cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Garden Uses Patio and Containers

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