Alphabetical Plant Listing

Morus alba (White Mulberry)

White Mulberry, Common Mulberry, Silkworm Mulberry


Morus alba (White Mulberry) is a small deciduous tree with a short trunk, and a dense rounded canopy of spreading branches. The alternate, simple, heart-shaped, glossy dark green leaves, 3-7 in. long (7-18 cm), display 3 prominent veins that run from the rounded or obliquely cordate base. The foliage may turn a pleasing yellow in fall. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees). The male flowers are small, green and occur in 1-2 in. (2-5 cm) long catkins. The female flowers are inconspicuous and crowded in short spikes. In summer, it bears edible, oval, white fruits ripening to deep pink, dark red or purple-black. Native to central and eastern China, White Mulberry is widely cultivated and has naturalized elsewhere across the world. In some areas, White Mulberry is invasive, hybridizing with native species Morus rubra in North America and outcompeting other native species in South Africa.

  • Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m).
  • A full sun lover, White Mulberry is easily grown in humus-rich, fertile,moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils. Shelter from cold, dry winds.
  • Generally pest free. Keep an eye out for leaf spot, canker, coral spot and powdery mildews.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots. Winter pruning while the tree is dormant helps avoid excessive sap loss.
  • Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings in mid-summer.
  • Morus alba species is native to Asia. It poses an ecological threat by displacing US native species, possibly hybridizing with and transmitting a root disease to the native Morus rubra.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.
  • Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

Buy Morus alba (White Mulberry)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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