Alphabetical Plant Listing

Morus rubra (Red Mulberry)

American Mulberry, Red Mulberry, Moral, Morus murrayana, Morus rubra var. murrayana


A prolifically fruiting species, Morus rubra (Red Mulberry) is a medium sized deciduous tree with a short trunk and a broad rounded crown. The foliage is quite variable with deeply lobed or unlobed leaves, 8 in. long (20 cm), adorned with soft hairy undersides. The leaves turn bright yellow in the fall. Inconspicuous flowers held in short green catkins appear in early spring on separate male and female trees. The fertilized female flowers give way to edible, oval, dark purplish-red fruits, 1 in. long (2.5 cm). Fruits are sweet and juicy and may be eaten off the tree or used for jellies, jams and wines. Birds feast on them. Native Americans used the fruits fresh and for beverages, breads and cakes, dumplings and preserves.

  • Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m) and 30-40 ft. wide (9-12 m). Self-seed somewhat prolifically.
  • A full sun lover, Red Mulberry is easily grown in rich, moist, deepwell-drained soils. Tolerates part shade.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for borers, whiteflies, leaf scorch, cankers, powdery mildews, scale, mites and mealybugs.
  • Prune in late fall or winter.
  • Unripe fruit and milky sap from all parts have low toxicity if eaten.
  • Propagate by seed or cuttings.
  • Native to eastern and central North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Melissa McMasters, Katja Schulz, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7
Plant Type Fruit, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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