Alphabetical Plant Listing

Papaver somniferum 'Danish Flag' (Opium Poppy)

Opium Poppy 'Danish Flag', Papaver 'Danish Flag', Breadseed Poppy 'Danish Flag', Lettuce Leaf Poppy 'Danish Flag', Papaver 'Danebrog', Danebrog Poppy, Papaver somniferum 'Danebrog'


Reminiscent of the flag of Denmark, Papaver somniferum 'Danish Flag' (Opium Poppy) is an upright annual boasting large, brilliant scarlet flowers, up to 5 in. across (12 cm), adorned with an ivory-white cross at the base of their fringed petals. Blooming for weeks in summer, the ravishing blossoms sit on top of sturdy stems clad with deeply-lobed, silvery leaves. They are followed by decorative seed pods that can be used in dried flower arrangements, or left in the garden for the visual interest they bring. Easy to grow, deer resistant, this Opium Poppy will give a color punch to your beds and borders. Introduced in the 19th century, Danish Flag has been widely grown since then.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and 10-12 in. wide (25-30 cm). This plant self sows, maintaining its presence in the garden.
  • Prefers full sun to light shade in any well-drained or moist but well-drained soil. Opium Poppy is drought tolerant.
  • Perfect for beds and borders, gravel gardens, cottage gardens or prairies and meadows.
  • Opium Poppy attracts bees and butterflies.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for aphids and downy mildews.
  • Deadhead spent flowers if seeding is not desired.
  • Propagate by seed in situ during spring.
  • Harmful if eaten. This poppy is toxic to humans, cats and dogs. Deer are smart enough to avoid this plant.
  • Wear gloves and other protective equipment when handling.
  • Papaver somniferum is probably native to the eastern Mediterranean, but has now naturalized across much of Europe and Asia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Papaver - Poppies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Mark Skalny, Shutterstock, c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Papaver - Poppies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Papaver - Poppies

Guides with Papaver - Poppies

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