Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus densiflora (Japanese Red Pine)

Japanese Red Pine


Highly popular in Japan, Pinus densiflora (Japanese Red Pine) is a remarkable evergreen coniferous tree of straight to gracefully contorted habit with rather horizontal branches and a domed crown. The foliage of soft, light green needles is presented in small, upright bouquets at the ends of the twigs. The abundant, tan to golden brown cones are small, usually clustered in groups of 3-5 and remain on the tree for several years, adding further interest. Often multi-trunked at the base, the Japanese Red Pine is noted for its equally beautiful red-brown bark, which exfoliates with age and becomes flaky and papery. A very picturesque pine that makes a terrific specimen tree. Popular as a bonsai plant and in Asian gardens.

  • Grows up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 15-25 ft. wide (4.5-7.5 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in well-drained soils. Tolerates some afternoon shade, particularly in hot summer climates. Drought and salt tolerant.
  • Easy to grow, easy to care for and rarely browsed by deer.
  • No pruning required.
  • Native to Japan, Korea, northeastern China.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, H1
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Spacing 240" (600cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Japanese Garden, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, H1
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Spacing 240" (600cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Japanese Garden, Traditional Garden

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