Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus wallichiana (Bhutan Pine)

Bhutan Pine, Himalayan Pine, Himalayan White Pine, Blue Pine, Pinus griffithii


Regarded by some as the most beautiful pine species, Pinus wallichiana (Bhutan Pine) is an elegant evergreen conifer of broad-pyramidal habit with horizontal lower branches and slightly ascending upper branches. Old specimens usually retain their lower branches. The foliage consists of long, slender, drooping blue-gray needles, 8 in. long (20 cm), borne in bunches of five and persisting for 3-4 years. They arch gracefully over and provide a feathery and soft appearance. Clusters of very resinous, banana-shaped, bluish-green cones, 10 in. long (25 cm), are held erect when young. They turn light brown and become pendant at the end of their first year. The gray-green bark is smooth, turning dark-gray and fissured in scales with age. Grown for its attractive foliage and decorative cones, Bhutan Pine is an excellent specimen pine. It is also valued for its relatively high resistance to air pollution.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m) and 20-35 ft. wide (6-10 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils and sheltered from strong winds.
  • Keep an eye out for pine adelgid, aphids, honey fungus, tree rusts. Deer resistant.
  • No pruning required. Remove competing leaders if necessary
  • Propagate by seed sown in containers in a cold frame in late winter. Retain in pots for two years.
  • Native to Himalayas.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 20' – 35' (6m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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By PicMy, Guentermanaus / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 20' – 35' (6m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Deer
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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