Alphabetical Plant Listing

Quercus coccinea (Scarlet Oak)

Scarlet Oak


Noted for its brilliant fall color, Quercus coccinea (Scarlet Oak) is a large deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming upright-spreading and open with age. The foliage of large, lustrous, dark green leaves, adorned with 7-9 lobes, turns brilliant reds and scarlets in the fall. The magnificent fall color display may last 3-4 weeks. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the new leaves unfurl with a red hue. The acorns, if produced, are partly enclosed in a bowl-like cap. Prized for its spectacular fall color, poor soil tolerance, wind resistance, Scarlet Oak is a very popular landscape choice. Useful as a shade or specimen tree, it is perfect for large areas where it adds beauty to the landscape.

  • Grows up to 50-70 ft. tall (15-21 m) and 40-50 ft. wide (12-15 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in fertile, dry to medium moisture, acidic, well-drained soils. Adaptable to extremes of soil, but it prefers dry, sandy sites.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant.
  • May be affected by aphids, oak gall wasps, powdery mildew and oak wilt.
  • Propagate by seed, sowing as soon as ripe, in a coldframe or grafting in mid-autumn or early winter
  • Native from Maine west to Michigan, south to Missouri and Mississippi, and east to South Carolina and the eastern Atlantic coast.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Spread 40' – 50' (12m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Spread 40' – 50' (12m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Quercus - Oaks

Guides with Quercus - Oaks

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