Chrysanthemum: Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Magnificent Flowers
Alphabetical Plant Listing

Chrysanthemum: Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Magnificent Flowers

Mums, Chrysanths, Decorative Chrysanthemum, Pompon Chrysanthemum, Single Chrysanthemum, Double Chrysanthemum, Anemone Chrysanthemum, Quill Chrysanthemum, Spider Chrysanthemum, Irregular Incurve Chrysanthemum, Reflex Chrysanthemum, Regular Incurve Chrysanthemum, Intermediate Incurve, Spoon Chrysanthemum, Brush or Thistle Chrysanthemum, Exotic or Unclassified Chrysanthemum


Beloved for their late summer and fall flowers, Chrysanthemums or mums are terrific plants for adding color in borders and containers at a time when most summer flowers have faded. Usually easy to grow, these fall garden favorites come in a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes. They make wonderful, long-lasting cut flowers too. While the Chrysanthemum genus includes about 40 species, there are countless horticultural varieties and cultivars available.

All you need to know about Chrysanthemum

  • Chrysanthemum blooms are composed of many tiny flowers called florets. Some have both disk and ray florets in the bloom heads, but others lack ray or disk florets. The National Chrysanthemum Society divides bloom forms into 13 classes ranging from single daisies to multi-petalled pompons, petite to giant blooms. Their spectacular flowers come in many colors, from pink, purple and red, to orange, yellow and white.
     
  • Chrysanthemum blue-green leaves are usually deeply lobed or cut, often feathery, oval to lance-shaped.
     
  • Chrysanthemums symbolize different things across the world: death in some European countries where incurve Chrysanthemums are reserved for funerals and decorating graves; friendship, happiness, and well-being in the United States where chrysanthemums are one of the most popular fall flowers; adversity, lamentation, and/or grief in China, Japan, and Korea.
     
  • Chrysanthemum belongs to the Asteraceae family, which includes asters, daisies, sunflowers, coneflowers and many more.
     
  • Chrysanthemums are native to East Asia and northeastern Europe. They were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb back in 15th century B.C. Today, they are over 20,000 cultivars in the world and about 7,000 cultivars in China.
     
  • Chrysanthemums can be annuals, perennials or small shrubs. Garden Mums or hardy Mums (Chrysanthemum x morifolium) are herbaceous perennials. Most can be planted directly into the soil in hardiness zones 5-9, go dormant in winter, then come back year after year in spring. However, to survive winter, these perennial Mums have two requirements: early planting (spring) and excellent drainage.
    Florist Mums are typically grown as annuals. Bred to be beautiful for the cut-flower industry, for forcing in pots and for exhibition, these Chrysanthemums rarely survive the winter.
    Some popular species of chrysanthemums are annuals such as Yellow Daisy (Chrysanthemum multicaule) and Painted Daisy (Chrysanthemum carinatum or Chrysanthemum tricolor).
     
  • Chrysanthemums can grow from under 12 in. (30 cm) to 36 in. tall (90 cm), depending on the variety.
     
  • Chrysanthemums typically bloom for 4 to 8 weeks from early September to frost. Flowering is determined by a combination of day-length and temperature. Most mum cultivars begin to develop flower buds when days are less than 12 hours long. They usually flower in a period of 6-8 weeks after flower development begins. Some cultivars may begin flower development early in the summer in response to heat. Catalogs usually list cultivars as early, mid-season or late Chrysanthemums. 
     
  • While many cultivated species are grown as fall-blooming ornamentals and are important in the floral industry, the flowers of some are also used to make a tea in some parts of East Asia, which is used for chest pain, high blood pressure, and other conditions.
     
  • All parts of the Chrysanthemum plant are potentially harmful if ingested by mammals. They are toxic to dogs, cats and horses.
     
  • Chrysanthemum flowers contain pyrethrin compounds that are toxic to insects and are commonly used to control mosquitoes, fleas, flies and many other pests. They are grown as “companion plants” to repel insects from susceptible ornamental or edible plants.

Guide Information

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Annuals, Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Chrysanthemums
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden
Compare All Chrysanthemums Guides with Chrysanthemums

123rf

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Annuals, Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Chrysanthemums
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden
Compare All Chrysanthemums Guides with Chrysanthemums

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.

Rename Collection

This field is required.