Alphabetical Plant Listing

Paeonia (Peonies)

How to Choose Peonies, How to Grow Peonies, How to Care for Peonies, Landscaping with Peonies (Paeonia)


Peonies are a classic ingredient of the perennial border and have been in cultivation for over 2000 years. Beloved for their abundant blooms, the beauty of their exquisite flowers, their delightful fragrance, and their bold foliage changing shades over the seasons, peony flowers add a dazzling splash of color in the landscape. Virtually carefree once established, they live for generations, are deer proof and produce some of the best cut flowers - making them one of Nature's loveliest perennials! Peony bouquets are a favorite of florists and many brides-to-be. Why not enjoy a peony bouquet at home?

Basic Facts About Peonies

The genus Paeonia is divided into 3 groups: Tree Peonies, Herbaceous Peonies, and Intersectional Peonies.

Herbaceous Peonies

  • Most well known type of peonies, they do best in hardiness zones 3 to 8 and are available in an incredible array of flower form, color and fragrance. They bloom in late spring - early summer, for approximately 7-10 days.
  • Herbaceous Peonies grow up to 2-3 ft. (60-90 cm), in a lush, bushy mound of glossy green divided foliage which remains attractive throughout the summer until frost and often colors up in the fall.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Paeonia - Peonies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 7' (60cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 3' (60cm - 90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Japanese Garden

Photos are courtesy of Peony's Envy, 123rf

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Paeonia - Peonies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 7' (60cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 3' (60cm - 90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Japanese Garden
Not sure which Paeonia - Peonies to pick?
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