Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aloe ferox (Cape Aloe)

Cape Aloe, Bergaalwyn, Bitter Aloe, Red Aloe, Alligator Jaw Aloe, Aloe candelabrum


Native to South Africa, Aloe ferox (Cape Aloe) is a large and showy, evergreen succulent forming a dense rosette of blue-green, lance-shaped leaves, often flushed with rose, up to 3 ft. long (90 cm). Each leaf is adorned with dark brown spines along the edges and on the leaf surfaces, especially on the lower surface. The old leaves remain after they have dried, forming a 'petticoat' on the stem. Single-stemmed, Cape Aloe produces bright red-orange, tubular flowers with dark orange stamens protruding from the mouth. Long-lasting, they are held above the foliage in a very showy, large candelabra-like inflorescence with 5 to 8 branches. Adaptable to many conditions, this Aloe makes a beautiful display in sunny borders or decorative containers and is great for attracting nectar-feeding birds.

Nearly as renown as Aloe vera, Aloe ferox is valued for its colorless leaf gel and bitter brown exudate. The gel is a popular ingredient in cosmetics, herbal remedies and food supplements taken orally and applied to the skin.

  • Grows up to 6-9 ft. tall (180-270 cm) and 3-5 ft. wide (90-160 cm).
  • Easily grown in well-drained soils in full sun. Irrigate little to regularly. This Aloe can tolerate long periods of drought but looks better with a little water.
  • Great for beds and borders, rock gardens, succulent gardens or Mediterranean gardens. Ideal as an accent plant in sunny borders or in decorative containers.
  • Deer resistant. The flowers produce nectar and are attractive to birds and bees
  • Virtually disease free. Watch for scale insects and mealybugs.
  • Do not trim off the dried leaves as they protect the trunk from excessive sun, heat or cold.
  • Native to South Africa and Lesotho.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 12
Heat Zones 10 – 12
Climate Zones 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Plant Family Aloes
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 9' (180cm – 270cm)
Spread 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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(c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 12
Heat Zones 10 – 12
Climate Zones 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Plant Family Aloes
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 9' (180cm – 270cm)
Spread 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Aloes

Guides with Aloes

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