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Acer floridanum (Florida Maple)

Southern Sugar Maple, Florida Maple, Caddo Maple, Rock Maple, Acer barbatum, Acer barbatum var. longii, Acer barbatum var. villipes, Acer floridanum var. longii, Acer floridanum var. villipes, Acer nigrum var. floridanum, Acer saccharinum var. floridanum, Acer saccharum ssp. floridanum, Acer saccharum var. floridanum, Saccharodendron barbatum, Saccharodendron floridanum

Acer floridanum, Southern Sugar Maple, Florida Maple, Caddo Maple, Rock Maple, Acer barbatum, Tree with fall color, Fall color, Red Leaves, Red Autumn Leaves,
Acer floridanum, Southern Sugar Maple, Florida Maple, Caddo Maple, Rock Maple, Acer barbatum, Tree with fall color, Fall color, Red Leaves, Red Autumn Leaves,

An attractive and versatile tree for the home landscape, Acer floridanum (Florida Maple) is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree with an oval to rounded crown of moderate density. Its foliage of opposite, simple, palmately lobed leaves, 2-4 in. (5-10 cm), features 3-5 somewhat rounded lobes. Dark green above and paler underneath in summer, the leaves change to a brilliant palette of yellows, oranges, and reds in the fall. In spring, greenish-yellow flowers, borne in hanging clusters, appear before or with the leaves and are followed by two-winged samara. Florida Maple also provides some winter interest with its attractive, light gray bark, with thick, irregular curling ridges on older trees. The limbs are strong and not susceptible to wind damage. Noted for its greater heat resistance than its showy relative, Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple), Florida Maple makes an excellent shade tree or specimen tree in southern gardens. It is important for wildlife and provides an early spring source of nectar for bees. Pollinators visit its flowers, and birds and small mammals devour the seeds. Several species of birds and especially squirrels make use of the tree as a nesting site.

  • Grows up to 20-60 ft. tall (6-18 m) and 25-40 ft. wide (7-12 m).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in fertile, moist, acid, well-drained soils. Florida maple will tolerate a wide variety of soil types but is not salt-tolerant. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Low maintenance, this tree needs little pruning. If pruning is necessary, prune during the dormant season and avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Fertilize in spring before the leaves emerge.
  • Look for verticillium wilt, cottony maple scale, borers, aphids, and gall mites.
  • Care should be taken to protect the tree trunk from damage by weed eaters or lawnmowers.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plain in the United States, from southeastern Virginia in the north, south to central Florida, and west to Oklahoma and Texas, and also common in southern Illinois and Missouri.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Acer
Common names Maple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 60'
(6.1m - 18.3m)
Spread 25' - 40'
(7.6m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Illinois, Midwest, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Acer palmatum ‘Fireglow’ (Japanese Maple)
Acer palmatum ‘Ariadne’ (Japanese Maple)
Acer palmatum ‘Sumi-Nagashi’ (Japanese Maple)
Acer palmatum ‘Pixie’ (Japanese Maple)
Acer pseudoplatanus ‘Brilliantissimum’ (Sycamore Maple)
Acer ginnala (Amur Maple)

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 9
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Acer
Common names Maple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 60'
(6.1m - 18.3m)
Spread 25' - 40'
(7.6m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Illinois, Midwest, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Do I Need?
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Acer (Maple)
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Acer (Maple)
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