Alphabetical Plant Listing

Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen)

Checkerberry, Wintergreen, American Mountain Tea, Aromatic Wintergreen, Boxberry, Canada Tea, Canterberry, Chequerberry, Chickenberry, Chinks, Creeping Checkerberry, Creeping Wintergreen, Creeping Wintergreen Checkerberry, Drunkards, Gingerberry, Groundberry, Ground Tea, Grouseberry, One-Berry, Partridge Berry, Procalm, Red Pollom, Spiceberry, Spicy Wintergreen Checkerberry, Spring Wintergreen, Squawberry, Squaw Plum, Squaw Vine, Teaberry, Tea Leaves, Wintergreen Oil Plant, Youngsters,


Vigorous, award-winning Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen) is a low-growing, spreading, evergreen shrub boasting prostrate stems bearing clusters of lustrous, rounded, leathery leaves that turn reddish in winter. Bruised or crushed leaves exude a wintergreen fragrance. In summer, small, nodding, bell-shaped white or pinkish flowers appear in the leaf axils. They are followed by edible scarlet berries that persist through winter and are an excellent winter food for wildlife. The plant will spread indefinitely over time to form an attractive ground cover. Perfect for shady areas.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 3-6 in. tall (7-15 cm).
  • A part shade to full shade lover, this plant is best grown in organically rich, evenly moist, acidic, well-drained soils. Plants perform best in climates with cool summers.
  • Perfect for beds and borders, banks and slopes, city gardens, cottage gardens, rock gardens or containers. Great shrub for shade or woodland gardens.
  • Excellent resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Prune immediately after flowering.
  • Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Native to Eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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