Alphabetical Plant Listing

Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree)

Strawberry Tree, Cane Apple, Dalmatian Strawberry, Killarney Strawberry Tree


Noted for its remarkable flowers, fruit, leaves, and bark, Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree) is a charming, broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree with four-season ornamental interest. From fall to midwinter, a profusion of drooping clusters of fragrant, bell-shaped, white flowers hang at the tip of the branches. Pollinated by bees, the round, 1 in. fruits (2.5 cm) appear in winter and gradually ripen to yellow then red in twelve months. They are often in color when the new attractive flowers begin to bloom in fall. While edible, the fruit is somewhat sweet but often bland and mealy. Particularly interesting is the gray-brown bark on mature trunks and branches, which peels and flakes to reveal an attractive cinnamon-colored inner bark. Lush and handsome, the evergreen foliage of red stemmed, dark green leaves, is glossy and leathery. Often becoming gnarled with age, Strawberry Tree makes a very attractive specimen tree with its picturesque, twisted appearance.

  • Grows at a slow to moderate growth rate in a multi-stemmed form, but can be trained as a single trunk tree to 6-15 ft. tall and wide (180-450 cm).
  • Easily grown in average, acidic, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates the widest variety of soils and climates, but appreciates good drainage. Some drought tolerance once established.
  • Great as a specimen plant, shrub borders, foundation plantings, hedges, Mediterranean gardens, coastal gardens or containers.
  • Virtually disease free and pest free. Watch for aphids or leaf spot.
  • Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and birds.
  • Propagate by seed and semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Native from the Mediterranean to Ireland.
  • Dwarf varieties include: 'Elfin King' - 5 ft tall (150 cm), flowers and fruits almost continuously; 'Oktoberfest' - 6-8 ft tall (180-240 cm) with deep pink flowers; 'Compacta' - 10 feet tall (300 cm)

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Heat Zones 6 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Arbutus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 15' (180cm – 4.5m)
Spread 6' – 15' (180cm – 4.5m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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(c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com, kho / 123RF Stock Photo, AlessandraRC, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Heat Zones 6 – 9
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Arbutus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 15' (180cm – 4.5m)
Spread 6' – 15' (180cm – 4.5m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Arbutus

Guides with Arbutus

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