Alphabetical Plant Listing

Chamaenerion angustifolium (Fireweed)

Willow Herb, Rosebay Willowherb, Great Willowherb, Fireweed, Chamerion angustifolium, Epilobium angustifolium, Epilobium spicatum


Stunning in bloom, Chamaenerion angustifolium (Fireweed) is a strongly-spreading, rhizomatous perennial wildflower boasting striking spikes of up to 50 or more saucer-shaped, purplish-pink flowers from summer to fall. They sit atop upright pink-tinged stems clad with long, narrow, willow-like leaves. Attracting lots of pollinators, each flower is perched at the end of a long capsule bearing numerous seeds adorned with a tuft of silky plumes. Acting as fluffy parachutes, they can travel away from the parent plant and form dense colonies. A single plant can produce 80,000 seeds! Fireweed can quickly take over a garden if left unattended. Perfect for prairies, meadows and naturalized areas.

  • Grows up to 2-5 ft. tall (60-150 cm) and 1-3 ft. wide (30-90 cm). This plant spreads by both rhizomes and self-seeding.
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in organically rich, well-drained soils with regular moisture. Appreciates some part shade in hot summer climates.
  • Virtually pest and disease free.
  • Will propagate itself by wind borne seed or by underground rhizomes. Promptly remove spent flower stems to encourage additional bloom and to prevent unwanted self-seeding.
  • Native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere

Buy Chamaenerion angustifolium (Fireweed)

Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Rocky Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants


Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Rocky Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Plant Calculator

How many Chamaenerion angustifolium (Fireweed) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Chamaenerion angustifolium (Fireweed)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.