Alphabetical Plant Listing

Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn)

Cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Newcastle Hawthorn, Newcastle Thorn, Hog Apple


Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn) forms a dense, low-branched, broad-rounded, deciduous tree adorned with horizontal, wide-spreading branches armed with 1-3 in. long thorns (2-7 cm). They are clothed with lustrous, smooth-textured, tooth-edged, dark green leaves. In late spring, a profusion of unpleasantly scented, white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) provide a spectacular spring floral display for 7-10 days. The blossoms are followed by deep red fruits in fall that usually persist on the tree until winter. Edible, they can be harvested to make jelly or left for the hungry birds. The foliage turns attractive shades of bronze-red to purplish-red before shedding to the ground. Common and widespread, Cockspur Hawthorn has been planted for ornament and as a hedge since colonial times. Great in mass plantings, screens, groupings, or as a general barrier.

  • Grows up to 25-35 ft. tall and wide (7-11 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in medium moisture, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens or city gardens as it is tolerant of urban pollution.
  • Requires only minimal pruning in late winter or early spring, to remove damaged, diseased or misplaced growth.
  • Keep an eye out for caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, leaf spots and fireblight.
  • Propagate by budding in mid-summer or grafting in winter
  • Native from Quebec to North Carolina and Kansas.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 25' – 35' (7.5m – 10.5m)
Spread 25' – 35' (7.5m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Photodigitaal.nl, Guentermanaus, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 25' – 35' (7.5m – 10.5m)
Spread 25' – 35' (7.5m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns

Guides with Crataegus - Hawthorns

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