Alphabetical Plant Listing

Iris verna (Dwarf Violet Iris)

Dwarf Violet Iris, Vernal Iris, Dwarf Iris, North American Dwarf Iris, Spring-Flowering Iris


Intensely fragrant, Iris verna (Dwarf Violet Iris) is a low-growing perennial forming a quickly spreading mat of narrow, sword-shaped, bright green, pointed leaves. Myriads of small, light lilac-blue flowers with a golden yellow signal, up to 1-2 in. across (2-5 cm), appear in early spring on short stalks before the leaves emerge. They carpet the ground and create a spectacular drift of blue color. Native to the southeastern U.S.A., this bulbous perennial is an excellent plant for the shaded rock garden, perennial border or woodland garden. May also be used as a seasonal ground cover or in the border of the native garden. This small delicate looking plant will reward you with one of the best spring shows.

  • Grows up to 2-3 in. tall (5-7 cm) and spreads indefinitely.
  • Easily grown in average, dry to moist, neutral to slightly acid, well-drained soils in partial shade. Tolerates full sun but will appreciate some afternoon protection from the sun.
  • Perfect for rock gardens, woodland gardens or at the front of native plant borders.
  • Propagate by division.
  • Ingestion may cause discomfort.
  • Native to the southeastern Unites States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Iris - Other
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 2" – 3" (5cm – 7cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Dry Soil
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Guides with Iris - Other


Justin Meissen, DM, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Iris - Other
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Height 2" – 3" (5cm – 7cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Dry Soil
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Guides with Iris - Other

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